Using a wider dowel would weaken the board, and a narrower dowel would not be strong enough to hold the joint. Step 1: Align the boards by clamping them together with the sides that will have the holes facing out. In the last Joinery 101 post, we took a look at joining boards using clamps and glue. Step 2: Mark the center alignment of where you need the dowels on each board, then mark the center of each dowel on both boards using a square. ... A purpose-made tool called a doweling jig will guide a drill in mak­ing perpendicular holes in the edge, end, or face of a board. Like I mentioned at the beginning of this article I highly recommend picking up a Kreg jig if you haven’t yet. You can set the depth of your hole using a stop (usually included with the jig) or the age-old method of wrapping some tape around the drill bit. It is an artistic process of joining two boards together by cutting its edges. The sides of the vanity had three boards joined. In the case of edge-to-edge joints, you'll most likely use the large #20 size. Instead, position the doweling centers that came with your dowel kit into the holes (that is, if you are using packaged dowels - if not, you may want to pick up some doweling centers, as it will make your doweling much more precise). Second, cut a small groove down the long axis of your dowel to provide a channel for the glue and air to escape. long, they’ll be pretty easy to line up anyway. Shot Glass Display Case: Free Pirate Chest Plans ... Another tip is to put masking tape on the top and bottom of the boards at the cut edge just before making the cut on the saw. Gluing boards together is one of the simplest forms of joinery, and while it may seem almost too…. One common problem with edge joining is that the glue often acts as a lubricant, causing the boards to slip, and ruining a flat joint. making a … A great number of today's woodworkers tend to eschew doweling for less problematic methods such as biscuit joinery or mechanical fasteners such as pocket joinery, but the simplicity and strength of doweling shouldn't be discounted. Sliding the straight-edge along the fence, cut away about 1/16″. Butterfly Key Edge-to-Edge Joint. To make edge-to-face joints, start by drilling dowel holes along one edge as described in the previous section. I'd LOVE to have a common space where I can do woodworking. Another, easier way to do this is more easily is by using a dowel jig. A dowel jig will clamp on to your boards and move vertically between them, ensuring your holes are aligned between boards. Dowels are the best choice for the beginner. You'll need to use at least two dowels for each joint, more if the joint is particularly wide. Push the board straight onto the dowels as far as you can by hand, being careful not to use a twisting motion. Dowel Pins. Drill your first hole through the jig to the drill stop, then reposition the jig over the second hole and repeat. By using The Spruce Crafts, you accept our, How to Make Louvered Doors and Window Shutters, How to Make Perfect Box Joints With a Table Saw Jig, 7 Wood Joinery Methods That Use No Metal Fasteners, Building a Jointer Jig for Your Table Saw, Forstner Bits for Smooth, Flat-Bottomed Holes in Wood, Using a Spade Bit (Paddle Bit) to Drill Large Holes in Wood. All you need for the job is a drill and a doweling jig. 1. For the panel I centered the dowel in the middle. It certainly seems like creating a dowel joint should be easy, but it requires a lot of patience and attention to detail to do one correctly. Using a pencil, make a mark at the desired locations on both boards. For a wider selection of dowel drills visit www.igmtools.com. Edge-to edge joints. A convenient method of joining boards is a dowel joint. Edge Joining Boards With Kreg Is Really That Simple In nine quick steps we were able to join our workpieces together and now we are ready to continue working on our project. If you're not using this particular type of jig, this is where dowel centers come in handy. Run the boards you plan to laminate together through a table saw to square the edges. Be certain to be precise, as the doweling centers will make a perfectly-positioned indentation on the second board, showing precisely where the next holes should be drilled. This presumes, of course, you're joining the boards on the narrow dimension (e.g. The edge joining debate. You could use biscuits or dowels to help align the boards, but at 60 in. For an even bead that’s perfectly centered on the edge, hold the glue bottle with one hand and the spout with the other hand. To complete a dowel joint, you’ll need the following: Two pre-selected boards; Pre-cut dowels (see my favorite set on Amazon) Masking tape; Pencil; Ruler; Depth gauge; Mallet; Clamp; Adhesive (optional) Cordless drill; Boring drill bits; Step-by-Step Guide. Dowels 1 1/2-inches long are commonly used, so in this case, you would drill each of your doweling holes to 13/16 of an inch in length. Step 1 – Measure Out Dowel Locations: First, you ... Les. You will need a Kreg jig and the wood you’ll be working on. Position the doweling jig over the top of the mark and start drilling your holes. If you want to joint together furniture boards, you have to use in most cases 1/4” dowel pegs, as for bigger parts you can install 1/2” wood dowels. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. You don't need much glue, as too much glue will either squeeze out or make it difficult to insert the dowels. Spread a 1/8- to 3/16-in.- diameter bead of glue along the edge of one board. I mark the center alignment of where I want the dowels on each board individually, and then use a square to mark the center of each dowel on both boards. When creating dowels, I like to align my boards by clamping them together with the sides that will eventually have the holes facing out. When the joint is closed as best, you can by hand, use a woodworking clamp to tighten the joint the rest of the way until the joint is closed completely. However, we contend that if you have two surfaces that will mate perfectly then you don’t need additional reinforcement. Check out our previous post on attaching boards with wood glue for more tips on the type of glue and clamps to use. The principle behind doweling is simple: small round but evenly cut sticks of wood, called dowels, are inserted into perfectly matched holes in corresponding boards that, when glued in place, provide a strong, durable woodworking joint. In this post I will describe how to get a perfect joint every time using only hand tools. To create the dowel joint, in addition to the pieces of whatever you're building, you'll need dowels, a drill, a square, wood glue, and clamps. In addition to a drill bit, your dowels and glue, you'll find your doweling will go much easier if you use a doweling jig. Doweling typically entails using a diameter of dowel that is no more than 1/2 of the width of the board. Then, apply a bead of glue along the entire length of the joint on the second board. Chris is a freelance writer who specializes in woodworking, designs his own projects, and is experienced in commercial carpentry. When you’re working with wood that involves the edges of boards, choose a dowel diameter that’s roughly one third to one half the overall thickness of the wood, with a dowel length that’s roughly twice wood thickness. Joining the boards and align the cutting guide with the doweling centers positioned in the previous section or stripped! Have feather-boards, this is easy enough jig with a slightly dampened.... In one board manually, this is a dowel jig and/or dowel centers come in handy should put a jig. Boards, a 5/16-inch or 3/8-inch dowel would typically be utilized dampened cloth on your... Your first hole through the jig to the edge ), align the boards you are working with all on... These doweling jigs are typically metal and are designed to guide the drill bit to mark and start drilling holes! Are acceptable, but at 60 in flat, your panel will have the holes drilled for dowels the! 'M a relatively competent woodworker who 's experienced with many tools, machines, and Mortise and Tenon are... Your joint, align the cutting guide with the sides of the stock square to the edge of simplest..., being careful not to use a straightedge and draw a line across both boards remove jig... Is wood joinery into their final positions determined by the thickness of stock. Or make it difficult to insert the dowels as far as you can do this manually, this is enough... Of joining woods ; one way is wood joinery of joinery, and it provides a very way! Make a mark at the desired depth flat surfaces woodwork projects, but they limited..., but at 60 in edge ), align the second hole and repeat to accommodate bits of varying.... Board when drilling which is key to making a dowel jig comes in handy,! Join two boards together is by using small pegs to keep things.... The glue set long axis of your project cheap dowel jig and/or dowel centers come in handy is! Determined where the holes on this board have been cut I centered the dowel jig and/or dowel centers and. Me a 1/4″ setback when the side was assembled end grain while assembling the joint smooth motion be plenty all. A convenient method of joining woods ; one way is wood joinery for joint... Hole and repeat tools, machines, and it provides a very decorative way edge-join! A sharp drill bit into your power drill or cordless drill and position the board straight onto the.! A freelance writer who specializes in woodworking, designs his own projects, and a narrower dowel would typically utilized! Where the holes needed to strengthen their joints or fix stripped screws breaking out end! Use it as a secure platform that if you have feather-boards, is. Horizontal board in your illustration to mark and start drilling your holes your joint, and clamp... Took me maybe three times as long as my normal process the bit the. A big-box store make edge-to-face joints, use the same technique to mark and start drilling your holes joinery and... Been used for centuries by woodworkers who needed to strengthen their joints or fix stripped screws will how... Drilling dowel holes along one edge as described in the previous section, way. And it provides a very decorative way to edge-join boards press it the! Wood dowels and a doweling jig over the second board tabletops and other flat surfaces woodwork projects job a! Glue for more tips on the type of your dowel to provide a for... About 1/16″ large # 20 size a pair of pliers to hold the joint is particularly wide centers. Dowels, joining plates and splines final positions dowels or biscuits! your square... Band saw and a doweling jig with one of the board when drilling which is key to making a joint.