Often, it won’t be a problem, but it does mean that you’ll have less of a guarantee that your guinea pig will have healthy genes. The oldest one we adopted was 5 years old who was left in a bix outside a pet store near where we live. A guinea pig’s lifestyle will also affect how long it lives. Tracing a guinea pig’s pedigree can be much trickier than doing so for another animal, like a dog, for instance. As long as you keep your guinea pigs healthy and happy they should live for AT LEAST three years. The good news is that nearly every one of these is entirely under your control. Richardson, V. 2000. And it’s likely that hybrid guinea pigs also live longer on average than pedigree guinea pigs. Most guinea pigs have fur, but one laboratory breed adopted by some pet owners, the skinn… The female guinea pig is called a sow while the male is called a boar. . How long does a Guinea Pig Live? I would love to find a fantastic home for momma and 2 girl babies. Good luck with your new friend! Nutrition & Safety Guide, How to Bond With My Guinea Pig – Ultimate Guide, Coronet Guinea Pig: Breed Guide & Care Tips, Can Guinea Pigs Eat Cucumbers? The life expectancy of a guinea pig is directly influenced by various factors, such as how well it is cared for, its diet or any health problems. Doing so increases the risk of bacteria building up on them before they get eaten. On the whole, they do tend to be fairly short-lived, unlike larger pets. Put simply, a bored or lonely guinea pig’s body will wear out sooner. He is a Pedigree, as was bred by a friend who shows them, but is still very well and happy thank goodness, but has started to lose a bit of weight now, but that could be, like a lot of us, not eating so much in the heat. The species of bald guinea pigs include breeds: boldwin and skinny. Peruvians or Shelties can live 12-14 years, although this isn’t common. Originally, the first domesticated cavies were farmed as a food source. Genetic disorders can account for anything from hair loss to being more prone to developing tumors. The only difference is that a guinea pig’s version of a healthy diet will look different from a human’s. Your guinea pig experiences high amounts of stress. However, some closely related cousins still survive in the grasslands of South America. It does occasionally work, but often the only solution is to have a single guinea pig once one has passed away. Though they have far more freedom than guinea pigs who are kept as pets, most will become the victim of natural predators or even be hunted as food by humans. Is a guinea pig’s lifespan determined solely by its genes? However, guinea pig life span in the wild is typically much shorter than those in captivity, ranging from one to four years. Guinea Pig Lifespan in the Wild. Infections can be treated with antibiotics prescribed by your vet, but every infection also carries a risk of being fatal. Guinea Pig Facts, LiveScience. – Nutrition Safety. Guinea pigs with these problems often die prematurely when their digestive system fails. If left untreated, this condition could become life-threatening. So, unlike their ‘wild’ guinea pig relations, who can only be expected to live for 1-4 years, pet guinea pigs can live 5-7 years providing you with many years of love, snuggles and wheeks! According to the VCA, guinea pigs are “very prone” to developing urinary stones. Guinea pigs need plenty of hay, fresh greens, and an appropriate dry food. That was 3.5 years ago. The importance of hay in their diet is better understood and promoted, and welfare experts no longer recommend keeping guinea pigs with rabbits. As guinea pigs are more robust than their smaller cousins, they can live longer than hamsters that stay alive for around 2-3 years. This article has been extensively revised and updated for 2019. This has particularly been the case for roan and dalmatian guinea pigs. Somewhere between nine months to a year, guinea pigs reach their final size and weight and become adults. Stressed guinea pigs also produce more cortisol, the “fight or flight” hormone. Overly crowded quarters can lead to high levels of stress and better chances for diseases to spread. The same applies to guinea pigs. Not only might they not get along as well, pregnancy will almost inevitably follow. We put blankets and towels on the floor and we change them every couple days. In the wild, guinea pigs have an average lifespan of between one and four years. Comparatively the all-too-brief 1-2 year lifespan of a hamster, guinea pigs are relatively long-lived little guys, with an average lifespan of about 5 years. – Average Life Span. 2015. 1974 “Notes on the Origin of the Domestic Guinea-Pig.” The Biology of Hystricomorph Rodents. How Long Can A Guinea Pig Live This question is simply answered by looking at guinea pigs that have managed to live beyond their life expectancy. Those of you living on mountain tops with your guinea pigs might have less control over these factors. The offspring are now 2 months old and frisky and healthy. The average life expectancy of guinea pigs in natural conditions is about 9-10 years. How many years will they be a joyful part of your life? But cleanliness only goes so far. Don’t go overboard when sharing fruit snacks with your cavies! I have inherited a 7 year old Guinea Pig named Sam. A guinea pig’s living arrangements go a long way in prolonging their life. Unfortunately, other genes can bring problems rather than protection. Breeding animals will remain on the farm an average of 1.5 years longer than market pigs. We adopt rescue guinea pigs. If they aren’t getting enough, they might develop scurvy. They always get plenty of food and of course lots of cuddling and love. More recently, but unverified, a boar in Australia called Sweetie was reported to be seventeen years old when he passed away. Less stress means lower risk for developing certain illnesses. It is difficult when they pass but since they all have been abandoned we know they at least had a good life at the end. How Long Do Guinea Pigs Live? With hybrid vigor proven in other species, it’s quite likely that a mixed-breed guinea pig life expectancy may be a little longer than others. It’s plain to see why Guinea Pigs are so popular as pets. Our genes control the aging process at the very minutest level within our cells, and some of us simply inherit better genes for longevity than others. 437–446. It’s important to make sure that your guinea pig eats well and has access to toys. Usually they survive 4-5 years though. The average Guniea Pig lifespan ranges from 4 to 8 years – the key word is … You can’t test for these kinds of genes, though. In fact, the lifespan of your guinea pig is hugely affected by a number of factors that can reduce it or extend it. A common side effect of inbreeding to protect a pedigree is an overall loss in quality and vigor, known as “inbreeding depression.”. Guinea pigs are sociable animals. I saw them in the back of a pick up truck on a freezing night. It’s a natural question if you’re considering bringing one of these small furry friends home. He is kept in the kitchen so can interact with myself and my dogs, and also goes outside in good weather. An enclosure should be the appropriate size for the number of guinea pigs living within it. We have usually 4 at a time and have lost some early in life and others live a little longer. On average, guinea pigs live 5-8 years. In my experience adult guinea pig males can have a hard time accepting new friends. Fruit and other treats are a fun way to bond with your guinea pig and make sure they’re getting enough vitamin C, but it’s important to find a healthy balance. If you rescue a pig originally intended as a food animal, it has the potential to live … The majority should be hay (~70-75%, sometimes even more), Nutritional pellets (protein and vitamins). Some don’t live long enough and some make it to a much riper old age. Factors like the care you provide to your pet, Living environment, Breed and genetics affect the lifespan of guinea pigs. However, this depends on quite a few factors and circumstances. Weir, B. Academic Press. Your vet will check for urinary stones and a possible urinary tract infection. But there are certainly things that we can do as pet owners to help them live longer, happier lives. They’re also pint-sized adventurers who like mental stimulation. This automatically imposes a degree of inbreeding, and puts a limit on genetic variation between individuals within the pedigree. Loneliness and boredom can be very stressful for guinea pigs, and this is bad for their long term health in two ways. He had a bit of an ucky eye this morning, but late this evening he started to have laboured breathing and sadly passed away quite peacefully I hope. How Long Do Guinea Pigs Live? Did any report health issues? Thankfully, they did not ask for them back. There are many factors which will influence the lifespan of a guinea pig. Guinea pigs that don't regularly visit other guinea pigs live in a very isolated environment, therefore there are typically two ways in which your guinea pig can get lice. . Aside from genetics, there are a few illnesses that can creep up if a guinea pig doesn’t receive proper care. A human owner can provide some interaction, but unless you are ready to live in the enclosure with them and learn to speak guinea pig, then the best bet is another guinea pig. There are many pedigrees of guinea pig these days. KEY TIP: If your guinea pigs do not get along, this could have an effect opposite of what you intended. There are many anecdotes of exceptionally old guinea pigs. But that can go without saying. Bradford, A. But, it also gives them psychological benefits. Make sure your guinea pigs get along before letting them live together! He may lose weight, and become less energetic overall. While having a companion can make a guinea pig happier, don’t mix sexes. How Long Do Guinea Pigs Live – Life Span. How long do guinea pigs live? Enjoy Life With Your Furry Friend, Can Guinea Pigs Eat Spinach? The same goes for their food bowl and water bottle. Most guinea pigs will live between 4-8 years. According to the 2006 Guinness World Records, the longest living guinea pig survived 14 years, 10.5 months. If you want to ensure you and your sweet guinea pig have a maximum amount of time together, keep reading to learn about the factors that determine a guinea pig’s lifespan. Sometimes it could be something as simple as a genetic proclivity for a sensitive digestive system. If you are buying from a breeder, ask lots of questions about their family tree. How long can a really lucky guinea pig go on living? My male Guinea Pig Peanut, was 7 on the 5th May 2017. And of course, with guinea pigs being so adorable and cuddly, that’s exactly what we want! But that doesn’t mean that you need to be entirely in the dark. On average, they live from four to eight years. But some guinea pigs were even recorded residing for more than ten years. “The influence of genetics and inbreeding on disease”, In Practice. For the rest of us, we can completely shape a guinea pig’s environment to be the most conducive to them living a long and happy life! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Lucy. How Long Do Guinea Pigs Live? In general, these animals live for 4 to 9 years. Guinea pig life span is influenced by factors like genetics, diet, and environment. Now, let’s take a look at some deciding factors. Definitely not! O’Neill, D., et al. We have devoted our den to the guineas and they do not live in cages except when we first get one until he can be integrated with the others. My other three are two of them are 6 & 9yrs old. American guinea pigs: Known for their laid-back personalities, the lifespan of these cavies is anywhere from five to seven years. For this reason we give an estimate of 5 years, since many guinea pigs have lived until 9 years … Picture of mother and baby guinea pig. There are a number of different factors that influence the length of a guinea pig’s life. Not on my bucket list, but I asked the people if I could bring them to my house. Making these changes can literally add years to a guinea pig’s life. Let us know how old they are in the comments below! Still kept for the same reason in many areas, the guinea pig variant we are familiar with no longer exists in the wild. Seven is a good age – hope he continues to stay well , Sadly tonight at about 10pm, little Peanut died cuddling on my lap watching TV. How long can you expect your guinea pig to live, under good circumstances? You can expect a guinea pig to live for 4 to 8 years. By keeping your guinea pig healthy, they are likely to live much longer. Activity provides guinea pigs with physical exercise, which is crucial. When you consider purchasing a cavy, you’ll likely want to know how long do guinea pigs live? But on the whole, you can expect a domesticated animal to live longer than a wild animal. Squeaks and Nibbles is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk, Squeaks and Nibbles is also a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Officially recorded cases where these animals survived to 15 years. Kurloff cells are a specialized type of white blood cell which kill leukemic cells, and protect guinea pigs from many spontaneous tumors. Where do guinea pigs fit in? Offspring are now sexually mature doing so increases the risk of bacteria building on. Often simply because of regular food, to living conditions old when he passed away longer than... For sure number one answer that many people who ask this question use so it ’. 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