Homeland. CIA records provide insufficient. The CIA did not hold any detainees after April 2008.” 16 In reference to DOD requests, see for example, James T. Hill, Commander, U.S. Southern Command, “Counter-Resistance Techniques,” memorandum to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, October 25, 2002, and Diane E. interrogation techniques and extended isolation exhibited psychological and behavioral issues. In 2006, the value of the CIA's base conti"act with the company formed by the psychologists with, all options exercised was in excess of $180 million; the contractors received $81 million prior to, the contract's termination in 2009. Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques Congressional Research Service 2 This report discusses the CIA’s Detention and Interrogation (D&I) Program as portrayed in many official documents. Powered and implemented by FactSet Digital Solutions. Enhanced Interrogation: Inside the Minds and Motives of the Islamic Terrorists Trying To Destroy America - Kindle edition by Mitchell, James E., Harlow, Bill. The CIA did not respond to Chairman Bob Graham's requests for additional, information in 2002, noting in its own internal communications that he would be leaving the. Stress Positions — The purpose of these techniques are to stimulate mild discomfort from extended muscle use, according to a description in a government document obtained by the ACLU. James E. Mitchell & John B. Jessen, Recognizing and Developing Countermeasures to Al Qaeda Resistance to Interrogation techniques: A Resistance Training Perspective. Enhanced Interrogation Techniques - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. The psychologists' prior experience was at the U.S. Air Force Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE) school. In 2007, Director Hayden ordered an unprecedented review of the OIG itself in. Briefings to the full Conmiittee beginning on September 6, 2006, also contained, numerous inaccui*acies, including inaccurate descriptions of how interrogation techniques were, applied and what information was obtained from CIA detainees. The extant research on techniques of interviewing and interrogation is a prime example; new studies have emerged examining broad (mac-rolevel) interrogation approaches, specific (microlevel) interrogation techniques,andnowevenintermediary(mesolevel)categorizationsof those techniques (Kelly et al., 2013). Committee in Januai-y 2003. In the, remaining cases, the CIA inaccurately claimed that specific, otherwise unavailable information. interview and interrogation Immersive Learning Simulations (ILS). prompted the CIA to move detainees out of a CIAdetention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Abu Zubaydah became "completely unresponsive, with bubbles rising through his open, full mouth." The CIA was using this technique prior to 2004 without approval by the Justice Department. Legal Statement. facilities in the countries in which they served. In 2005, the chief of the CIA's BLACK detention site, where many of the detainees the CIA, assessed as "high-value" were held, complained that CIA Headquarters "managers seem to be, selecting either problem, underperforming officers, new, totally inexperienced officers or, whomever seems to be willing and able to deploy at any given time," resulting in "the production. The waterboarding technique was physically harmful, inducing convulsions and vomiting. 9. terrorist plots "thwarted" and specific terrorists captured as a result of the use of the techniques. intelHgence" and "substantial quantities of otherwise unavailable intelligence" that saved lives. response to the OIG's inquiries into the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program. There are no CIA records to indicate that any of the reviews independently validated the, "effectiveness" claims presented by the CIA, to include basic confirmation that the intelligence, cited by the CIA was acquired from CIA detainees during or after the use of the CIA's enhanced, interrogation techniques. 2. The CIA last used its enhanced interrogation. enhanced interrogation techniques on November 8, 2007. Abu. "^^, #8: The CIA's operation and management of the program complicated, and in some cases. The refusal of one host country to admit a severely ill, detainee into a local hospital due to security concerns contributed to the closing of the CIA's, detention facility in that country. An, internal CIA email from July 2003 noted that "... theWH [White House] is extremely concerned, [Secretary] Powell would blow his stack if he were to be briefed on what's been going on. At one point, Khalid Sheik Mohammad was water-boarded 65 times between the afternoon of March 12, 2003 and the morning of March 13. In surveying the scientific literature, this paper corrects some persistent misconceptions about torture, concluding that some of the most deleterious effects of “enhanced interrogation techniques” are not physical at all, but distinctly psychological. The host. In mid-2003, a statement by the president for the United Nations International Day in Support of, Victims of Torture and a pubHc statement by the White House thatprisoners in U.S. custody are, treated "humanely" caused the CIA to question whether therewas continued policy support for, the program and seek reauthorization from the White House. Cold or refrigerated water would be poured on them. interrogations or coercive interrogation techniques. In some cases, detainees were hosed down over and over again as they were naked and shackled, standing in a sleep deprivation pose. All rights reserved. Proponents of ‘enhanced interrogation techniques’ in the United States have claimed that such methods are necessary for obtaining information from uncooperative terrorism subjects. Two psychologists who were paid more than $80 million by the CIA to develop "enhanced interrogation" techniques — which have been called torture — … In late March 2002, the imminent capture of Abu Zubaydah prompted the CIA to, again consider various detention options. Sometimes, the detainees' hands would be shackled above their heads. The MON made no reference to. "^^ TheCIAalso provided inaccurate, information describing the views of U.S. senators about the program to the Department of, A year after being briefed on the program, the House and Senate Conference Committee, considering the Fiscal Year 2008 Intelligence Authorization bill voted to limit the CIA to using, only interrogation techniques authorized by the Army Field Manual. The inaccurate informationprovided to the ODNI by the CIA resulted in the ODNIreleasing. The CIA subsequently resisted efforts by Vice Chairman John D. Rockefeller IV, to investigate the program, including by refusing in 2006 to provide requested, The CIA restricted access to information about the program from members of the Committee, beyond the chairman and vice chairman until September 6, 2006, the day the president publicly, acknowledged the program, by which time 117 of the 119known detainees had already entered, CIA custody. For instance, in August of 2002, Zubaydah was put on a liquid diet that consisted of Ensure and water, the Senate report said. A presentation exploring different ways of using questions in education. By 2005, the CIA had overwhelmingly outsourced, The CIA contracted with two psychologists to develop, operate, and assess its interrogation. Moreover, CIA officers told U.S. ambassadors not to discuss the CIA program with State Department officials, preventing the, ambassadors from seeking guidance on the policy implications of establishing CIA detention. This includes the provision of inaccurate statements similar to those provided to other elements, of the U.S. Government and later to the public, as well as instances in which specific questions, from White House officials were not answered truthfully or fully. Interrogation techniques have evolved from overtly coercive, “third degree” tactics (e.g., beatings, extreme sleep deprivation; see Leo, 2004) to 10. At times, CIA officers were instructed by supervisors not to put their concerns or, In several instances, CIA officers identified inaccuracies in CIA representations about the, program and its effectiveness to the Office of Inspector General, the White House, the, Department of Justice, the Congress, and the American public. * CIA detainees who were subjected to the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques. 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