Some of the better quality fibre is made into carpet materials . Waste products from the process can be made into fertilizer and feed binder. The highest growth rate may up to 10 cm/day. Kenaf fiber is one of the famous natural fibers used as a reinforcement in polymer matrix composites (PMC). Because it is a… Continue Reading. It is also used for products in the oil and gas drilling industries such as Lost Circulation Material to maintain the lubricants. Larry believes natural fibers will be able to completely replace fiberglass in many Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic (FRP) products. One of the crops being investigated is kenaf, an old crop with many uses. 27. It matures in 100 to 200 days. Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, the entire kenaf plant, stalk (core and bark), and leaves, can be used as a livestock feed. Kenaf Introduction Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) is a warm-season annual row crop in the same plant family as okra and cotton (Malvaceae). Perhaps the biggest benefit at this time is that it is completely legal to grow and process into products. Fields of use for kenaf fiber-reinforced composites include construction, automotive, corrosion resistance, electrical, marine and transportation. Fiber from the stems, oil from the seeds and narcotic from the leaves and flowers are found for various purposes. Other uses of the herb: Yields a fibre from the stem, a very good jute substitute though it is a bit coarser. Larry Dickinson, president of 3F, is working to develop natural fibers like kenaf to be used as a substitute for fiberglass. 1978; Webber 1993a), and whole-plant crude protein ranged from 6% to 23% (Killinger 1969; Swingle et … in … It is a common wild plant of tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia. The main uses of Kenaf fibre have been rope, twine, coarse cloth ( similar to that made from jute ), and paper . ... “The Toyota Motor Corporation in Japan uses kenaf bioplastic interior … Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. While we continue the fight to make it legal to grow industrial hemp across the country, we should look to kenaf fiber uses as an alternative. 1.3 : Newsprint from mixes of kenaf thermo-mechanical pulp (KTMP) and wood pulp from Southern Pine. This barely scratches the surface of kenaf fiber uses. 1.1 : Standard newsprint containing between 90% and 100% chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp. Kenaf plants are capable of growing to a height of 20 feet under favorable conditions; however, heights generally average 8 … It is mainly used for canvas and sacking . The core of both kenaf and hemp are also one of the most absorbent materials on the planet. 2009). Products range from biocomposites, paper, textiles, cattle feed and absorbing agents. One unique feature of Kenaf Absorb is that it absorbs oil before taking on water; once oil is absorbed, the product floats on the surface, which makes collection easier. Kenaf is a source of cellulose fiber for the production of pulp and paper. In California, Texas, Louisiana and Mississippi, 3,200 acres (13 km²) of kenaf were grown in 1992, most of which was used for animal bedding and feed. Kenaf, blended with polypropylene in a 50-50 mixture, will reduce the door component’s weight by 25% compared with conventional materials, while use of the plant fiber, Ford claims, will offset 300,000 pounds of oil-based resins annually in North America. Kenaf is a promising source of raw material fiber for pulp, paper and other fiber products, and has been introduced since WWII in China, USSR, Thailand, South Africa, Egypt, Mexico and Cuba. Because it is a close relative to hemp, the properties are quite similar. Kenaf Fiber Uses – a Legal Alternative to Hemp, 27. Just three years ago Ford announced the planned use of kenaf fibers in their Ford Escape: Following Ford’s recent announcement that they will use recycled plastic bottles for seat fabrics in the upcoming Focus Electric, the company’s efforts to increase the use of sustainable materials continues with the news that they will use kenaf plant fiber material for interior door bolsters for the new Escape. 25+ years experience in textile industry. Uses of kenaf and kenaf products. Kenaf fiber uses also include providing livestock feed. According to Ford, using the plant fiber will offset 300,000 pounds of oil-based resins annually in North America. Kenaf fiber was selected for the present study and was collected from Krishi Vigyan Ke Correspondence Department of Textiles & Apparel Designing, Faculty of Community Science, AAU, Jorhat, Assam, India Extraction of kenaf fiber and its physico-chemical properties for various end uses Kenaf fiber uses also include providing livestock feed. Uses and Markets : Industrial (fibre, textiles, biocomposites, paper, fuel) Production Life Cycle in Ontario. Research indicates that it has high protein content Kenaf meal, used as a supplement in a rice ration for sheep, compared favorably with a ration containing alfalfa. Kenaf stalks consist of 40% bast fiber and 60% core fiber. Read article about Applications of Kenaf Fibre Fabrics Applications - Fibres of Hibiscus Cannabinus have immense potential applications in the field of kenaf fibre textiles. The only kenaf and hemp supplier in Italy for. Much of the kenaf production around the world is still grownand processed under labor intensive practices. e componenti per l'industria automobilistica. Kenaf seed yield edible oil that is used for first class cooking oil & margarine production. 1973; Swingle et al. It is a natural blend of short and long fibers similar to the hardwood-softwood blends used in … End uses of hemp fiber: Hemp fiber has many applications in industrial sector including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, health food and fuel. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) is a valuable fiber and medicinal plant from the Malvaceae family. It is stronger than jute and linen fiber. Kenaf fibre has multiple uses. 1.2 : Standard newsprint from mixes of KCTMP pulp and de-inked pulp from retted paper. 1 & 2) are produced mostly for textiles, gunny sacks and, to a certain extent, paper. The online consultancy available. In a scholarly paper written at Purdue University entitled Kenaf Production: Fiber, Feed, and Seed, we learn: Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, the entire kenaf plant, stalk (core and bark), and leaves, can be used as a livestock feed. Softwood fibers are the high quality type commonly used in commercial scale paper production, Hemp bast fiber is much longer and stronger, Kenaf yields can be 3 times the yields for hemp, Politically, kenaf is current a legal crop while not all states can currently grow industrial hemp. per isolamento termico, isolamento acustico, bioedilizia. Research in the United States to use the kenaf bast (outer bark) fibers for rope began in the 1940's when jute imports from Asia were interrupted by World War II. Fabric and yarn sourcing available. Kenaf fibers may be modified either physically or chemically and used for either thermoset or thermoplastic polymer systems. The Center for Agriculture at UMass Amherst is growing kenaf in New England for the first time, evaluating the local potential for this eco-friendly plant. Kenaf requires temperatures above 10°C, high solar radiation and a long growing season for maximum … There are currently some issues with kenaf as a direct replacement for fiberglass however, with some modifications, kenaf fiber does provide an alternative: Larry believes that this plant will eventually be a future fiber crop for structural composites manufacturers. Measures Up to the U.S. Natural Fiber Composites Industry, Kenaf fiber uses in the paper product industry, paper IMPROVEMENT OF KENAF YARN FOR APPAREL APPLICATIONS, State’s first industrial hemp license goes to a Southern Oregon man, Hemp, Inc. to Sponsor 1st Annual Ascent Expo in LA, Kenaf bast fiber is roughly equal to a softwood (pine) fiber. The core is used for absorbent materials such as oil spill cleanup material. Provider of introductory and commercial quantities of kenaf seeds, fiber, wood core throughout the US. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) is a fiber plant native to east-central Africa where it has been grown for several thousand years for food and fiber. The fibre strands, which are 1.5 - 3 metres long, are used for making rope, cordage, canvas, sacking, carpet backing, nets, table cloths etc. Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. Kenaf, known as Hibiscus cannabimus L., is an herbaceous annual plant that grows in a wide range of weather conditions, growing more than 3 m within 3 months (Nishino et al., 2003). The bast fiber is longer and stronger than that of its legal cousin, and is typically used for textiles and rope making. is a member of the Hibiscus cannabinus L. It has a variety of characteristics that are not found in common plants, and is considered one of the world's top 3 fiber crops with its use at various fields of daily life. Natural fiber/plastic compounds, based on kenaf, can replace glass-reinforced plastics in many applications, such as automotive industry, packaging, and construction/housing. Kenaf Fiber Uses – a Legal Alternative to Hemp. Even Jaguar, Toyota & BMW uses Kenaf Fibre in the interior of their cars because it is cheap & eco-friendly. Uses. The stems produce two types of fibre, a coarser fibre in the outer layer , and a finer fibre … You may also interested in below sponsored links: WINDING MACHINE EFFICIENCY AND PRODUCTION CALCULATION, YARN COUNT CONVERSION FROM ONE TO ANOTHER SYSTEM, YARN COUNT CONVERSION TABLE, TABLE OF YARN COUNT CALCULATION FORMULA, FABRIC GSM CALCULATION, WOVEN FABRIC GSM CALCULATION , CALCULATION OF GSM OF WOVEN FABRIC. soundproofing systems, thermal and acoustic insulation, green building and automobile component industry. Pellets made from a kenaf/plastic compound can be molded into commercial food storage containers and virtually any other product now made of plastic. Previous chapter. As laws change it will be easy to switch to industrial hemp because of the similarities. Consultancy service available for new and cost effective weaving and processing projects, efficiency ,product quality optimization. It has been a source of textile fiber for such products as rope, twine, bagging and rugs. New uses for kenaf have recently been developed for different industrial applications. The kenaf plant benefits a variety of industries including the automobile industry. Kenaf matures in 100 to 200 days. It is also used for animal bedding and feed .Emerging uses of kenaf fibre include engineered wood , insulation , and clothing –grade cloth . This plant has active components such as saponins, tannins, alkaloids, polyphenolics, steroids and essential oils. Uses of kenaf fibre include engineered wood; insulation; clothing-grade cloth; soil-less potting mixes; animal bedding; packing material; and material that absorbs oil and liquids.It is also useful as cut bast fibre for blending with resins in the making of plastic composites, as a drilling fluid loss-preventive for oil drilling muds, and for a seeded hydromulch for erosion control. Kenaf fibre consists of main cellulose (45-57%) as well as hemicelluloses (21.5%), lignin (8-13 wt%), pectin (3-5 wt%) and waxy substances [19], [4]. Crude protein in kenaf leaves ranged from 14% to 34% (Killinger 1969; Suriyajantratong et al. New Uses for Kenaf Fifty-five percent of dried kenaf stalks will be used to make paper. Uses. In a scholarly paper written at Purdue University entitled Kenaf Production: Fiber, Feed, and Seed , we learn: Although kenaf is usually considered a fiber crop, the entire kenaf plant, stalk (core and bark), and leaves, can be used as a … In particular terms of paper quality, durability, print quality and ink absorption it shows better result from any other fabric. Grown for thousands of years in Africa where its leaves are consumed in humanand animal diets, the bast fiber used for cordage, and the woody core of thestalks burned for fuel; this crop was introduced into southern Asia around1900. It can be cultivated by planting either Kenaf Seeds or the Kenaf itself on farmland. Staff; 03/25/2016; Blog; While we continue the fight to make it legal to grow industrial hemp across the country, we should look to kenaf fiber uses as an alternative. First grown in Egyptover 3000 years ago, the leaves of the kenaf plant were a component of both human and animal diets, while the bast fibr… The fibres (Fig. Kenaf fiber uses in the paper product industry. Hardiness Zone. CONVERSION OF YARN COUNT FROM ONE SYSTEM TO ANOTHER SYSTEM: The relation between New English count ( Ne) and denier: The relation ... Related articles: Woven fabric analysis Cotton yarn diameter Cloth or fabric cover factor calculation Fabric costing... Ring frame process and objectives of ring frame process, Chemical composition of cotton fibre, chemical formula of cotton fibre, Chemical composition of silk fibre, chemical formula of silk fibre, Chemical composition of linen ( flax fibre). Some of important uses of kenaf fibre are given below: • Rope manufacturing. Principal production areas are China, India, and the Tashkent area ofthe former USSR. Kenaf stalks consist of 40% bast fiber and 60% core fiber. Research and Development of seed varieties that can grow in all USA latitudes. Research and developmentefforts primarily in the USA since 1980 have resulted in … Long kenaf fibers (bast) have potential for reinforcing polymers, due to their high strength properties (Aji et al. Uses. Kenaf bast fibers have a higher content of cellulose, ranging up to 69.2, % compared to core the fiber and the other abundantly natural in Malaysiafibers , such as KENAF ECO FIBERS ITALIA S.p.A. The bast fiber can be compared to softwood, which is a high quality fiber typically used for commercial paper production. In the well-researched and documented paper IMPROVEMENT OF KENAF YARN FOR APPAREL APPLICATIONS by Ting Zhang B.S., Beijing University of Chemical Technology, the author describes a number of uses including: While the attention continues to be on the economic value of industrial hemp, we do want to bring attention to kenaf fiber uses. It is a non-woody annual with a short life circle of 100-130 days. It has also been determined that chopped kenaf is a suitable feed source for Spanish (meat-type) goats. 1.4 It produces pulp much faster than pine which takes about 15years to mature. In fact, in our North Carolina plant, the largest decortication plant in the United States, our initial production run will be with harvested kenaf plants. For the best quality fibre, the stems should be harvested shortly after the flowers open. Kenaf/plastic compounds, molded into lightweight panels, can replace wood and wood-based products in many applications. Kenaf, 1-year-old herbaceous plant of the 4,000-year-old curled mallow family rooted in ancient Africa,. Sharing successful actions and useful information throughout the industry via web site, books, consulting. The stems produce two types of fibre, a coarser fibre in the outer layer , and a finer fibre in the core. On the other hand, hemp stalks consist of 25% bast, or long fiber and 75% core fiber. L'unica fornitrice in Italia di fibre naturali e kenaf. Decortication Plant Update – February 2016. The bast fibres are used to make ropes. The average fibre length of the fibrous bast is about 2.5 mm-length and 17 μm-width. Kenaf is cultivated for its fibre in India, Bangladesh, United States of America, Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. The stalks consist of two kinds of fiber: an outer fiber (bast) and an inner fiber (core). The stems produce two types of fibre: a coarser fibre in the outer layer (bast fibre), and a finer fibre in the core. This is due in part to two potential products that come from Kenaf. Kenaf fibre has multiple uses. There are significant differences to the growing cycle, cost per ton and capabilities of hemp and kenaf such as: Last year we researched the differences between kenaf and hemp, aside from the legal issues, and learned: Each plant contains fiber, but have different ratios between the bast and the core. Kenaf Fibre Applications: 1. Kenaf paper uses: Kenaf pulping techniques are used to make several grades of paper including newsprint, bond, coating raw stock and surfaced sized. Kenaf is a new type of economic crop which currently being grown in Mississippi, Texas, Florida, Arizona and North Carolina. Shapeless Crafting Kenaf Seed (1 Kenaf) String (3 Kenaf produces 2 String) Decortication Plant Update – February 2016, How Hemp, Inc. 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