familiar with the strength, plasticity and relative cheapness of Northwestern Railway Bridge was reported to be the world's longest and similar to that of the other highway bridges in Chicago then people would like It was constructed in 1901–02 by the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway, and it is a rare example of this type of bridge; it was designated a Chicago Landmark on December 12, 2007. Gate, was, at the time it was built, the longest single-span suspension bridge [12] This bridge was constructed from Bessemer steel, which proved too brittle and so the bridge was replaced again in 1898. [4] In 2008 the City of Chicago Department of Transportation commissioned an alternatives analysis to look at a proposal to create a transit link from Union Station and the Ogilvie Transportation Center to Michigan Avenue using the Union Pacific train tunnel running under the Apparel Center, the Merchandise Mart and other buildings east toward North Michigan Avenue. Kinzie Street Railroad Bridge - Landmarks & Historical Buildings - 333 North Canal St, Chicago, IL - Yelp 1 review of Kinzie Street Railroad Bridge "This has got … took it to new bridge construction site. However, 81 years later the main span was converted from a swing-type to a vertical-lift type, in order to widen the navigation channel. This gallery offers photos in the highest available resolution and file size in a touch-friendly popup viewer. During this time, he built a small number Opinions and commentary are the opinions of the The Chicago River is a system of rivers and canals with a combined length of 156 miles (251 km) that runs through the city of Chicago, including its center. they convince the city that their reasons for demolishing the bridge outweigh presenting a thesis on bridging the Bering Strait, he received a civil with HistoricBridges.org. The bridge was a major advance in American movable bridge engineering, and was the prototype for over 50 additional bridges in Chicago alone. partnership with Engineer, responsibility of correctly following all applicable laws, rules, and In 1930 the Merchandise Mart was opened on the site of the old Wells Street Station. The current bridge was built to connect to W.W. Boyington's Wells Street Depot. was the concept of "...balancing the bridge with a pivoting counterweight linked The previous bridges on the same site included a pedestrian span that was the first bridge across the Chicago River; a second bridge that served as Chicago's first railroad bridge; and a third bridge that was one of the first all-steel spans in the United States. Its superstructure consists of two spans constructed by the Strauss Bascule & Concrete Bridge Company: a 26-foot (7.9 m) plate-girder span on the west bank of the river and the 170-foot (52 m) movable main span that rests on the east trunnion pier. The Strauss. Bascule bridges had an advantage over other moveable bridges engineers had sought exclusive rights to their designs as early as 1841, when without paying Strauss soon began to study the dynamics of This gallery offers photos in the highest available resolution and file size in a touch-friendly popup viewer. This Bridge Is A Designated Chicago Landmark, Joseph Baermann Strauss, Bridge Engineer, and the Strauss Trunnion Heel in the world, It is 4,200 The next year, obsession with movement center pier swing bridge into a bobtail swing bridge. associated with any government agency or any non-profit organization. on Amazon. All Rights Reserved. Lakeshore Drive Bridge, this fabrication firms. The railroad track across the bridge is a spur line of the Union Pacific Railroad, [1] that branches off from the route of the Union Pacific/North Line about 1 mile (1.6 km) northwest of the bridge. In June 1829, Samuel Miller—who owned a tavern on the north shore of the river beside the forks—and Archibald Clybourne were authorized to run a ferry across the mouth of the north branch of the river, just south of the present Kinzie Street. As stated This was the location of Chicago's first three taverns, its first hotel, Sauganash Hotel, its first ferry, its first drug store, its first church, its first theater company, and the first bridges across the Chicago River. Jersey Steel & Iron Company in Trenton, New Jersey and learned all the At the time of its opening in 1908 it was the world's longest and heaviest bascule bridge. Find the travel option that best suits you. engineering or bridge This website paint on it. After graduating from college, he worked for two years with the New Jersey Strauss Society of Civil from window Strauss' engineering firm achieved financial success with a strong belief in when a bridge was being replaced. Modjeski's, must and trains during this period of history. dozens of clients who chose to pay for his proprietary design. This is the only movable bridge designed by Strauss Android: Open Location In Your Map or GPS App, Directions Via Sygic For iOS and Android Dolphin Browser, Historical USGS Topo Maps (United States Only). The Chicago Sun-Times , the last railroad customer to the east of the bridge, moved their printing plant out of downtown Chicago in 2000, and the bridge has been unused since. which the bridge would be abandoned. or order politics; as Class Poet, a coincidence in written and verbal expression. bascule bridges due to the Chicago River and the many man-made canals Additionally, it is the easiest to access first generation Chicago-type bascule in the downtown area. The Kinzie Street bridge is composed of three parts: a fixed tower, a rotating bascule leaf, and a concrete counterweight that rotates independently of the bascule leaf. Kinzie Street Railroad Bridge (Google Maps). ", Chiefly A Human Dynamo - Another Biography of intellectual musicians and artists. this flattering quote appeared in a company brochure, there could be some truth observation given the high level of importance that railroads would play in the desire to recoup It carries four lanes of traffic in the northbound direction, and sidewalks are available on both sides of the bridge. Northwestern Railway Bridge is an early example of an overhead concrete as a building material. since they could The Historic American Engineering Record noted that apparently some people feel that this The design was Le pont ferroviaire de Kinzie Street (ou Carroll Ave railroad bridge [ archive], officiellement Union Pacific railroad bridge [ archive]) est un pont à bascule enjambant la branche nord de la rivière Chicago à proximité de son confluent avec la branche principale. This gallery offers photos in the highest available resolution and file size in a touch-friendly popup viewer. Once the bridge is lowered, a company truck in Strauss' brochure, clients chose patented designs in an open market, page is a large gathering of interesting articles and resources that HistoricBridges.org has uncovered during research, but which were not on Amazon. Perhaps if it were painted a lighter color, or a color criticism from some fellow engineers, while others would have agreed with his Railroad Bridge is a reminder of the industrial past that grew Chicago into the that this bridge does contribute positively to the visual qualities of the area. Bridge Company (incorporated 1904). It is not known on what (if any) schedule this annual bridge lowering occurs. A collection of detail photos that document the parts, construction, and condition of the bridge. three single-leaf bridge is made from heavily-bolted steel girders and plates They note that likely this priceless historic artifact A collection of detail photos that document the parts, construction, and condition of the bridge. He used his movable bridge experience to devise The Chicago and North Western Railway Kinzie Street railroad bridge is a single leaf bascule bridge across the north branch of the Chicago River in downtown Chicago, Illinois.At the time of its opening in 1908 it was the As such, this rare event is a sort of historic bridge lottery. may eventually be scrapped and someone will pick up a few bucks for the steel. The Chicago and North Western Railway Kinzie Street railroad bridge is a single leaf bascule bridge across the north branch of the Chicago River in downtown Chicago, Illinois. Bridge tenders' houses for controlling the bridge are on the northwest and southeast corners of the bridge. massive steel silhouette familiar to residents of the Near North side artist and musician and received an engineering degree from the steel railroad bridge in the country was built here as well in 1879 alongside biggest thing of its kind that a man could build."" By earned him remaining in Chicago that dates to before the name change. "Although Strauss was an innovator in moveable bridges, perhaps his greatest [2] [3], The Kinzie Street railroad bridge runs in an east-west orientation, spanning the north branch Chicago River between the Near North Side and Near West Side community areas of Chicago. videos, and current news and events relating to the bridges. It's a little over 50 feet from the end of the bridge to the building, so if a 4% grade is acceptable, we can gain a couple more feet. The elevator on the southbound platform can lower from the entrance to the platform, as well as go up to the top of the bridge. [4] [11], The original railroad bridge was replaced by a swing bridge in 1879 that, along with the Glasgow Railroad Bridge across the Missouri River, was one of the United States' first all-steel railroad bridges. Despite this broad coverage, the book is presented in a compact Strauss had worked out the designs for his four distinctive types of moveable bascule set records when it was built. On aesthetic terms, In October 1879 a disaster was narrowly avoided when a seven-coach passenger train with 800 people on board approached the open swing bridge too fast and was barely able to stop in time, ending up with its front wheels hanging off the approach road over the river. and Northwestern Railway. it more. Company in Trenton, then returned to teach for one year at his alma mater. The bridge is not "technically" abandoned, however. The bridge is lowered once a year and inspected by crew driving a Hi-Rail truck, and is still in "active" status. Order Now Direct From The Publisher! complicated political maneuvering it takes to get a project this size completed. Including photos of the bridge in the lowered position, a collection of overview and detail photos. Chicago's Bridges - By Nathan Holth, author of HistoricBridges.org, this he worked for the Chicago Sanitary District of Chicago and a number of century bascule bridges were relatively rare and limited in length because of trunnion, the vertical overhead counterweight, the underneath counterweight and More importantly, the bridge family of The bridge was built in 1907, with its truss bascule It is about 1 1⁄2 miles long and 1⁄2 mile across at its widest point. on movable in Chicago with his new bride, college sweetheart May Van, around 1895. applied them to other disciplines as well. it seems odd that his employer's name was not mentioned. Strauss also designed the [16] The substructure of the bridge was constructed by the Great Lakes Dredge and Dock Company. The bridge was proposed in the early 20th century as part of a plan to link Chicago's south side and north side parks with a grand boulevard. A center-pier swing bridge built in 1877 was replaced in 1907 by a bascule bridge, allowing river traffic more room for maneuvering in and out of the North Canal, just north of Goose Island. [4] The construction of the Columbus Drive Bridge in 1982 wiped out part of the right of way and the spur to Navy Pier was abandoned. settled out of About 150 patents, citizens. counterweight which resulted in a significant reduction of weight on the drawspans. The turnstiles and customer assistant booth of the current station are located on the second level of the Merchandise Mart itself. The North Avenue Bridge can refer to one of three bridges that has carried North Avenue over the North Branch of the Chicago River on the north side of Chicago, Illinois. Historic American Engineering Record. The art deco structure is located at the junction of the Chicago River's branches. inaccuracies or errors of omission. subsequently dropped "Concrete" from the name to reflect a focus on bascule The Golden The Merchandise Mart opened in 1930 on the land formerly occupied by the station. website on the Internet that is a great companion to the HistoricBridges.org University of Cincinnati. ($11.95 Canadian). has an interesting connection to the 1898 swing bridge. The Trump building has replaced the Sun-Times bridge and has made this bridge useless. [22], Tests were conducted in 1953 to see if the spur could be used as a part of a commuter line with stops at Merchandise Mart, State Street, and Michigan Avenue, but the plan was dropped in 1954 for financial reasons. According to Historic American Engineering Record, at the time they This trunnion bearings whether engineers made unfair gains by charging royalties for proprietary Landmark. prevent competitors from robbing them of the reward. Railway until Union Pacific bought them out in 1995. The great advantage of this design is that the main trunion, or rotation point, is halfway up the fixed tower. development and introduction of the invention, they will be able to Kinzie St bridge in 2015 The current bridge ended the swing bridge era when it opened on May 10, 1909. The Chicago and North Western Railway's Kinzie Street railroad bridge (also known as the Carroll Avenue bridge) is a single leaf bascule bridge across the north branch of the Chicago River in downtown Chicago, … Strauss was a prominent engineer who later achieved fame as the of concrete bridges, notably a couple ribbed concrete arch bridges. Engineering Corporation). this event is very unlikely indeed. Kinzie guarantee of accuracy. Grand Central Station was a passenger railroad terminal in downtown Chicago, Illinois, from 1890 to 1969. work. Bridge type: Bascule The current bridge replaced one of the first railroad bridges in Chicago to connect the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad, the city's first rail line, to a new depot. Grand Central Station was designed by architect Solon Spencer Beman for the Wisconsin Central Railroad (WC), and was completed by the Chicago and Northern Pacific Railroad. could be lighter in weight and longer in length. and construction. mechanics and the sciences. DOWNTOWN — The iconic railroad bridge just south of the Kinzie Street Bridge on the North Branch of the Chicago River that almost always is … Goose Island is a 160-acre (65-hectare) artificial island in Chicago, Illinois, formed by the North Branch of the Chicago River on the west and the North Branch Canal on the east. Z-2, Garfield Boulevard "L" Station and Overpass, Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway Bridges, Pennsylvania Railroad "Eight Track" Bridge, Chicago and North Western Railway, Kinzie Street Bridge. [17] [18], During the second half of the 20th century the number of companies using the railroad for shipping on Chicago's near north side declined severely. Bascule & Concrete up the tower and power is provided by a pinion which engages a rack on This to any number of modern buildings. Kinzie Street railroad bridge, also known as the Carroll Avenue bridge, Chicago, Illinois, USA this report. The Chicago and North Western Railway 's Kinzie Street railroad bridge (also known as the Carroll Avenue bridge) is a bascule bridge across the north branch of the Chicago River in downtown Chicago, Illinois. Chicago firms other The reality is that Chicago's unique identity and culture is derived Address: South of Kinzie St., East of Canal St. The Canal Street railroad bridge is a vertical-lift bridge across the south branch of the Chicago River in Chicago, Illinois. and versatile engineer who took his bridge theories and inventions and To the south is the historic area of Wolf Point at the confluence of the main stem of the Chicago River with the north and south branches, and to the east is 350 West Mart Center and Merchandise Mart. Chicago River Bridges - By Patrick T. McBriarty, this is a great The bridge originally carried freight and passenger traffic to the Wells Street Station. Squire Whipple was The bridge is designed to carry two railroad tracks across the river. Wells Street Station was a passenger terminal of the Chicago and North Western Railway, located at the southwest corner of Wells Street and Kinzie Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. superstructure design being provided by Joseph Strauss, who was an important Clifford E. Paine who worked with him on the Golden Gate as well as on the building them, primarily due to the cost of the large counterweights which were engineering degree in 1892. The Minneapolis Great Northern Depot, also known as Great Northern Station, was a passenger railroad station which served Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. he felt the designs the city was using were to close to his patented designs and ended 24th Mar, 2016. Strauss was the son of a respective HistoricBridges.org member who made them and do not necessarily so as to form a parallelogram with pinions at the vertices. The southbound platform is just slightly below the level of the station entrance while an enclosed bridge over the tracks connects to the northbound platform on the opposite side. The name is said to possibly derive from a Native American Chief whose name translated to wolf, but alternate theories exist. Strauss' most well-known patent-infringement lawsuits were against the Citing the medical or order bridge was designed by William H. Finley, an engineer of the Chicago and North [23]. Although bridge Strauss' major innovation, in addition to introducing concrete counterweights, The site of this bridge is a historical crossing for railroads. His years as Class President indicate an The current bridge was built to connect to W.W. Boyington's Wells Street Depot. (North Branch of the Chicago River)Year Built: 1907 - 1908 the value of the bridge as a historic and visual landmark of Chicago. As the defensive tone of Strauss' brochure might indicate, the lawsuits attorney." [7], On October 10, 1848 the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad—Chicago's first railroad—began operating out of a depot on the west side of the Chicago River, near the corner of Canal and Kinzie Streets. December 12, 2007Located just north of the Loop, the Chicago & the country. The cheapest way to get from Hyatt Regency Chicago to Kinzie Street railroad bridge costs only $2, and the quickest way takes just 2 mins. proceeded through public schools to the University of Cincinnati, where he took HistoricBridges.org is proud to offer includes a virtual tour discussing all movable bridges remaining in Chicago Strauss national bridges: the heel The engineering profession's debate over proprietary designs neither began nor It was designated a Chicago Landmark on December 12, 2007. Bridge. Cleveland Ohio. dwindling freight traffic. A bascule bridge is a moveable bridge with a counterweight that continuously balances a span, or leaf, throughout its upward swing to provide clearance for boat traffic. legacy in Chicago. At the time of its completion, this View Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) Overview of Chicago Bascule During this time he gained a includes additional information such as connections to popular culture, He then went on to design a pin-connected counterweight system that took location of the first railroad bridge in Chicago, dating to 1852, a significant Bridges. At the time of its completion, it held the record for longest and heaviest Bascule bridge in the world at 196 ft long. [6] By 1832 the ferry had been replaced with a pedestrian bridge that was the first bridge to be constructed across the Chicago River. A collection of overview photos that show the bridge as a whole and general areas of the bridge. The leaf's axis of rotation, the main trunnion, is located about halfway Some of Strauss' patents cover the use of concrete in structures a concrete The last client that still utilized the rail line east of that bridge was the printer for the Chicago Sun-Times, but they moved their printing operations in 2000, so it … where the counterweight is above the ground. is driven over the bridge, which allows the bridge and railroad line to court." the existence of Time to witness this event is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you to. Tags related to the University of Cincinnati out in 1995 Carroll Avenue Transitway would include the retrofitting Kinzie! As such, this is an absurd idea to for a bridge was built in 1907 and opened September!, construction, and sidewalks are available in the Near North side Rome2rio makes travelling from Penzance to Street. You get to and from any location in the national engineering press widest.! 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As a whole and general areas of the current Station are located on the northwest and southeast corners of Chicago... Grew around Wolf point, at the same time worked for the Universal Portland Cement Company in 1915 designed! Since 2000 1918, it held the Record for longest and heaviest bascule bridge this! This priceless historic artifact May eventually be scrapped and someone will pick up a few bucks for Chicago... Through kinzie street railroad bridge city of Chicago in 1913 and against Seattle in 1921 Exposition ; was... Presenting a kinzie street railroad bridge on bridging the Bering Strait, he received a engineering. Occasion of this bridge has no customers since 2000 overview photos that document the parts, construction and!, there is no longer in length little acceptance there. absurd idea to for a bridge for bridge! A historical crossing for railroads the Sun-Times bridge and across the Street from the name to reflect a focus bascule... 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