The headquarters of the wazarat was at Leh for six months of the year and at Skardu for six months. Find an answer to your question what is the main occupation of people in Ladakh 1. It has the mighty Karakoram Range in the North and in the south, it is bound by the Zanskar mountains. Before partition, Baltistan, now under Pakistani control, was a district in Ladakh. 0ccupation Of People In Ladakh About life of people in Ladakh, they traditionally lead a nomadic rustic life and are sincere and honest. Ladakhi festival seasons are perhaps the best time to visit Ladakh and enjoy the famous hemis festival, losar festival, lamayuru festival and to know about the ladakhi culture and traditions. Venue: Spituk Monastery. [111] Cricket is also very popular. Ladakh depends hugely on the Indus River and most of towns like Leh, Shey and Tingmosgang are clustered near the river. In the 1st century CE, Pliny the Elder repeats that the Dards(Brokpa in Ladakhi) are great producers of gold. The Mons are believed to be descendants of earlier Indian settlers in Ladakh, and traditionally worked as musicians, blacksmiths, and carpenters. Ladakh was claimed as part of Tibet by Phuntsok Wangyal, a Tibetan Communist leader.[28]. The 7th-century Buddhist traveller Xuanzang describes the region in his accounts. Yang chanting, performed without metrical timing, is accompanied by resonant drums and low, sustained syllables. Ladakh covers about 45,000 square miles (117,000 square km) and contains the Ladakh Range, which is a southeastern extension of the Karakoram Range, and the upper Indus River valley. Polo, the other traditional sport of Ladakh, is indigenous to Baltistan and Gilgit, and was probably introduced into Ladakh in the mid-17th century by King Singge Namgyal, whose mother was a Balti princess. [108], The music of Ladakhi Buddhist monastic festivals, like Tibetan music, often involves religious chanting in Tibetan as an integral part of the religion. Here people have very cool temperament and are peace loving. The Chinese-pilgrim monk, Xuanzang, c. 634 CE, describes a journey from Chuluduo (Kūluta, Kulu) to Luohuluo (Lahul) and then states that, "[f]rom here, the road, leading to the north, for over one thousand, eight hundred or nine hundred li by perilous paths and over mountains and valleys, takes one to the country of Lāhul. [17], The Moravian Mission opened a school in Leh in October 1889, and the Wazir-i Wazarat (ex officio Joint Commissioner with a British officer) of Baltistan and Ladakh ordered that every family with more than one child should send one of them to school. The first glimpse of political history is found in the kharosthi inscription of "Uvima Kavthisa" discovered near the K'a-la-rtse (Khalatse) bridge on the Indus, showing that in around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire. This is one of the most breathtakingly beautiful parts of the state and its surreal landscape has often been termed as "moonscape". He also encouraged the mass production of the Hbum scriptures to spread religion. The people of Ladakh are keen in trade and travel to long distances for seeking favourable prices for their products. Today, Leh has some 3,500 refugees from Tibet. [22][23][b], Rock carvings found in many parts of Ladakh indicate that the area has been inhabited from Neolithic times. Muslims were also invited to the region for trading and other purposes.[16][17]. Image. This three-way division of Nyimagon's empire was recognised as historic and remembered in the chronicles of all the three regions as a founding narrative. Dras and the Mushkoh Valley form the western extremity of Ladakh. Zanskar is the main river of the region along with its tributaries. [17], Tibetan medicine has been the traditional health system of Ladakh for over a thousand years. The Cold Desert: Ladakh. In 1885, Leh became the headquarters of a mission of the Moravian Church. Ask your question. Chhupri is one of the best food items in Leh Ladakh and this marvellous food is easily available in the main market area, where vendors even sell it on the roadside street shops. Most of the surplus barley that is produced is fermented into chang, an alcoholic beverage drunk especially on festive occasions. Localement ont été élaborées des procédures spécifiques de préservation. [17], Naked barley (Ladakhi: nas, Urdu: grim) was traditionally a staple crop all over Ladakh. Join now. However the Dogra region of Jammu remained under its Rajput rulers. [80], Scant precipitation makes Ladakh a high-altitude desert with extremely scarce vegetation over most of its area. [121], According to the 2001 census, the overall literacy rate in Leh District is 62% (72% for males and 50% for females), and in Kargil District 58% (74% for males and 41% for females). Travel Guide; Festivals in Ladakh; Galdan Namchot Festival. Before 1993, students were taught in Urdu until they were 14, after which the medium of instruction shifted to English. [104], Ladakhi culture is similar to Tibetan culture. A dish that is strictly Ladakhi is skyu, a heavy pasta dish with root vegetables. Some of the high alpine species like Aquilegia sp, Delphinium sp, Juniperus sp, Rosa sp, etc; are used in the religious rituals, monasteries and several other purposes in Ladakh. The country is narrow and small, and the mountains and valleys very rugged. Ladakh is well-known for its remote mountain scenery. The massifs to the north and east of the Nubra–Siachen line include the Apsarasas Group (highest point at 7,245 m or 23,770 ft) the Rimo Muztagh (highest point at 7,385 m or 24,229 ft) and the Teram Kangri Group (highest point at 7,464 m or 24,488 ft) together with Mamostong Kangri (7,526 m or 24,692 ft) and Singhi Kangri (7,202 m or 23,629 ft). Several hundred Baltis migrated to the kingdom and according to oral tradition many Muslim traders were granted land to settle. [76] There are about 200 snow leopards in Ladakh of an estimated 7,000 worldwide. Educated Ladakhis usually know Hindi, Urdu and often English. It is located between the Kunlun mountain range in the north and the main Himalayas to the south. A History of Lamdon School", "New gamma ray telescope coming up in Ladakh to observe exploding stars, black holes", "Two AIIMS-like institutions, 8 medical colleges in Jammu-Kashmir, Ladakh: Govt", "Dga' Ldan Tshe Dbang Dpal Bzang Po and the Tibet-Ladakh-Mugha1 War of 1679–84", "Embedded in Stone—Early Buddhist Rock Art of Ladakh", "Historic Ruins in the Gya Valley, Eastern Ladakh, and a Consideration of Their Relationship to the History of Ladakh and Maryul", Time, Self and the Other: The striving tourist in Ladakh, north India, In the other we trust: Buying souvenirs in Ladakh, north India, Until the Feathers of the Winged Black Raven Turn White: Sources for the Tibet-Bashahr Treaty of 1679–1684, The Muslim Queens of the Himalayas: Princess Exchanges in Baltistan and Ladakh, 2019 Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh reorganisation, Ladakh Renewable Energy Development Agency, Defence Institute of High Altitude Research, Eliezer Joldan Memorial College Leh, Ladakh, Ladakh Ecological Development and Environmental Group, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ladakh&oldid=998544760, States and territories established in 2019, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2018, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. His son Deldan Namgyal (1642–1694) had to placate the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb by building a mosque in Leh. [18], Ladakh is the largest and the second least populous union territory of India. After the death of Nyimagon, his kingdom was divided among his three sons, Palgyigon receiving Ladakh, Rutog, Thok Jalung and an area referred to as "Demchok" (possibly centred around the village of Demchok). The dances typically narrate a story of the fight between good and evil, ending with the eventual victory of the former. Sayyid Ali Hamadani, Sayyid Muhammad Nur Baksh and Mir Shamsuddin Iraqi were three important Sufi missionaries who propagated Islam to the locals. The Zanskar gets frozen during winter and the famous Chadar trek takes place on this magnificent frozen river. [77] The Pallas's cat, which looks somewhat like a house cat, is very rare in Ladakh and not much is known about the species. The Treaty of Tingmosgang in 1684 settled the dispute between Tibet and Ladakh but severely restricted Ladakh's independence. [1][13][59][60] Under the terms of the act, the union territory is administered by a Lieutenant Governor acting on behalf of the Central Government of India and does not have an elected legislative assembly or chief minister. 1. They are often made on fairly modest budgets.[130]. The Tibetan wolf, which sometimes preys on the livestock of the Ladakhis, is the most persecuted amongst the predators. Venue: All over Ladakh. Image Source. WhatsApp. Ladakh Tourism: Tripadvisor has 59,930 reviews of Ladakh Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Ladakh resource. Ladakh comes alive during festivals, when people from different corners of Ladakh converge at one place to celebrate and enjoy the festive spirit. The region experiences heavy snowfall; the Pensi-la is open only between June and mid-October. In 1949, China closed the border between Nubra and Sinkiang, blocking the 1000-year-old trade route from India to Central Asia. Since the early 1960s the number of immigrants from Tibet (including Changpa nomads) have increased as they flee the occupation of their homeland by the Chinese. It lies in the Great Himalayas, on the eastern side of Jammu and Kashmir. 65% of children attend school, but absenteeism of both students and teachers remains high. Its population declined precipitously in the last century due to indiscriminate shooting by hunters along the Leh-Srinagar highway. Kargil, the only town in the Suru valley, is the second most important town in Ladakh. The third road to Ladakh is the Nimmu–Padam–Darcha road, which is under construction. [107] As in other parts of Central Asia, tea in Ladakh is traditionally made with strong green tea, butter, and salt. [38][39][40][41][42][43] In the early 17th century efforts were made to restore the destroyed artefacts and gonpas by Sengge Namgyal, the son of Jamyang and Gyal. The high plain predominates in the east, diminishing gradually toward the west. Archery is a traditional sport in Ladakh, and many villages hold archery festivals, which are as much about traditional dancing, drinking and gambling, as they are about the sport. The region comprising the valley of the Shayok and Nubra rivers is known as Nubra. [61], Ladakh is under the jurisdiction of the Jammu and Kashmir High Court. Beyond that, Ladakhis produce feature films that are screened in auditoriums and community halls. [73] The urial is endemic to Ladakh, where it is distributed only along two major river valleys: the Indus and Shayok. 3. … [25][51], The Kargil War of 1999, codenamed "Operation Vijay" by the Indian Army, saw infiltration by Pakistani troops into parts of Western Ladakh, namely Kargil, Dras, Mushkoh, Batalik and Chorbatla, overlooking key locations on the Srinagar-Leh highway. Buddhism spread into western Ladakh from Kashmir in the 2nd century. Most of the people are pastoralist. [35] [36] : 1,3 [37] : 7 The Ladakhi Chronicles are one of only two surviving pre-19th century literary sources from Ladakh, with the other being the 1663 biography of sTag-ts'ah-ras-pa. [citation needed], The Tibetan and Ladakhi name La-dwags .mw-parser-output .uchen{font-family:"BabelStone Tibetan Slim",Jomolhari,"Noto Sans Tibetan","Microsoft Himalaya",Kailash,"DDC Uchen","TCRC Youtso Unicode","Tibetan Machine Uni","Qomolangma-Uchen Sarchen","Qomolangma-Uchen Sarchung","Qomolangma-Uchen Suring","Qomolangma-Uchen Sutung","Qomolangma-Title","Qomolangma-Subtitle","DDC Rinzin","Qomolangma-Woodblock","Qomolangma-Dunhuang"}.mw-parser-output .ume{font-family:"Qomolangma-Betsu","Qomolangma-Chuyig","Qomolangma-Drutsa","Qomolangma-Edict","Qomolangma-Tsumachu","Qomolangma-Tsuring","Qomolangma-Tsutong","TibetanSambhotaYigchung","TibetanTsugRing","TibetanYigchung"}ལ་དྭགས (historically transliterated as La-dvags) means "land of high passes". [27] Around the 1st century, Ladakh was a part of the Kushan Empire. [56], Leh was initially chosen to be the headquarters of the new division however, following protests, it was announced that Leh and Kargil will jointly serve as the divisional headquarters, each hosting an Additional Divisional Commissioner to assist the Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police who will spend half their time in each town. As a division, Ladakh was granted its own Divisional Commissioner and Inspector General of Police. This has been termed the Second Spreading of Buddhism in the region (the first one being in Tibet proper. Herrmann argues that the tale ultimately goes back to a hazy knowledge of gold-washing in Ladakh and Baltistan. Summers are short, though they are long enough to grow crops. Jamyang was given the hand of a Muslim princess, Gyal Khatun's hand in marriage. In 1995, the Ladakh Autonomous Hill Development Council was created. These animals are in conflict with the nomadic people of Changthang who hold the Kiang responsible for pasture degradation. You can witness a lot of cultural programs throughout the day and end the evening with a well-organized feast. The wool of chiru must be pulled out by hand, a process done after the animal is killed. Extensive operations were launched in high altitudes by the Indian Army with considerable artillery and air force support. [117], A feature of Ladakhi society that distinguishes it from the rest of the state is the high status and relative emancipation enjoyed by women compared to other rural parts of India. India built the Srinagar-Leh Highway during this period, cutting the journey time between Srinagar and Leh from 16 days to two. During his youth, Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin expelled the mystic Sheikh Zain Shahwalli for showing disrespect to him. Jamyang Namgyal was later restored to the throne by Ali Sher Khan and given the hand of a Muslim princess in marriage. The Indian military occupation is an insidious cultural, environmental and economic calamity of the worst order for the people of Ladakh and should be … Several rivers flow through Ladakh. Les élites locales qui contestaient les principes de la hard law indienne ont bénéficié des initiatives de nombreuses ONG et proposent désormais un modèle de protection alternatif. Zanskar, Zahar (locally) or Zangskar, also known as Janskar or Jangskar, is a subdistrict or tehsil of the Kargil district, which lies in the Indian union territory of Ladakh.The administrative centre is Padum.Zanskar, together with the neighbouring region of Ladakh, was briefly a part of the kingdom of Guge in Western Tibet. Ladakh urial sheds its winter coat at the onset of the summer. Now –a-days, majority of people depend upon agriculture Along The Indus River. The Muslim musicians later settled in Leh. The mountain ranges in this region were formed over 45 million years by the folding of the Indian Plate into the more stationary Eurasian Plate. Since the early 1960s the number of immigrants from Tibet (including Changpa nomads) have increased as they flee the occupation of their homeland by the Chinese. Noorbakshia Islam is named after him and his followers are only found in Baltistan and Ladakh. The Karakoram Range in Ladakh is not as mighty as in Baltistan. It is inhabited by a mix of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan people. [35][36]:1,3[37]:7 The Ladakhi Chronicles are one of only two surviving pre-19th century literary sources from Ladakh, with the other being the 1663 biography of sTag-ts'ah-ras-pa.[36]:1,3 Only seven original manuscripts of the chronicles are known to have existed, of which only two survive to the modern day. For centuries, the only medical system accessible to the people have been the amchi, traditional doctors following the Tibetan medical tradition. Rizvi points out that this passage not only confirms that, in the early 8th century, the region of modern Ladakh was under Tibetan suzerainty, but that the people belonged to non-Tibetan stock. Pakistani troops were evicted from the Indian side of the Line of Control which the Indian government ordered was to be respected and which was not crossed by Indian troops. c042517 c042517 01.07.2020 Social Sciences Primary School +5 pts. Statue of Maitreya at Likir Monastery, Leh district, Between the 1380s and early 1510s, many Islamic missionaries propagated Islam and proselytised the Ladakhi people. Regarding the occupation of the people in Ladakh, 90% of them depend on agriculture based on the Indus River for their livelihood. In 1505, Shamsuddin Iraqi, a noted Shia scholar, visited Kashmir and Baltistan. 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