The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult. | Valley areas and foothills The average temperature in … The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Kerala and Himachal Pradesh is 2,326 km= 1,445 miles.. Punjab's three-season climate sees summer months that span from mid-April to the end of June. | 1,600m-2,700m Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. In December, the coldest month, temperatures still average around 20–24 °C (68–75 °F). | 800m-1,600m [65][66], All such episodes of severe drought correlate with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). [70] A contrasting phenomenon is that, instead of the usual high pressure air mass over the southern Indian Ocean, an ENSO-related oceanic low pressure convergence centre forms; it then continually pulls dry air from Central Asia, desiccating India during what should have been the humid summer monsoon season. This may have contributed to the global Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, which caused India to experience significantly reduced insolation. |- It is a region of barren, arid, frigid and wind-blown wastelands. These wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh add much more fun to this mesmerizing place. Tradition and culture of states and unnion territories in India, India the biggest democratic country in world consisting of 29 states & 7 union territories having two houses of parliament rajya sabha and lok sabha tourism is the major industry for some states like Jammu & kashmir Goa Kerala Himachal Pradesh. Such climatic events are likely to change in frequency and severity as a consequence of human-induced climate change. Snowfall is generally common in alpine tracts that are above 2,200 metres (7,218 ft), especially those in the higher- and trans-Himalayan regions. This is a question to the people of India as well as Indian diaspora in North America, Europe & Australasia. Therefore it is extremely difficult to categorize it a particular climatic frame. Most part of the nation doesn't experience temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) even in winter. Avalanches occur in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh. [41] This is accompanied by a seasonal excursion of the normally equatorial intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a low-pressure belt of highly unstable weather, northward towards India. [37] A product of southeast trade winds originating from a high-pressure mass centred over the southern Indian Ocean, the monsoonal torrents supply over 80% of India's annual rainfall. The result, denuded hillsides, exacerbates the severity of landslides, since tree cover impedes the downhill flow of water. As India further cools during September, the southwest monsoon weakens. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of India and has an east-west extension of about 170 km. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. Himachal Pradesh is considered to be a very fine holiday destination where an endless number of tourists are known to visit throughout the year. Himachal Pradesh : The state of Himachal Pradesh is a land of climatic extremes the region on the south slopes of the Himalayas bears the brunt of the monsoon and is wettest from July to early September. Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Monsoon clouds begin retreating from North India by the end of August; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October. Snowfall at elevations of nearly 3000 m is about 3 m and lasts from December start to March end. [44][45][46] Yet such rains reduce temperatures and can replenish groundwater tables, rivers. Traditional and Vernacular buildings in contrast to Modern buildings constructed in 20th century are more climate-receptive; the climate-responsive architecture originates in the pre-industrial era before the introduction of air-conditioning and electric lighting. Climate-related natural disasters cause massive losses of Indian life and property. [25], The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:[26]. [79], The average annual precipitation of 11,861 millimetres (467 in) in the village of Mawsynram, in the hilly northeastern state of Meghalaya, is the highest recorded in Asia, and possibly on Earth. 4. At lower elevations, in parts of northern and western India, a strong, hot, and dry wind known as the loo blows in from the west during the daytime; with very high temperatures, in some cases up to around 45 °C (113 °F); it can cause fatal cases of sunstroke. [84][85], Remote regions of Jammu and Kashmir such as Baramulla district in the east and the Pir Panjal Range in the southeast experience exceptionally heavy snowfall. [21] The summer months of May and June are exceptionally hot; mean monthly temperatures in the region hover around 35 °C (95 °F), with daily maxima occasionally topping 50 °C (122 °F). Kerala gold is difficult to get your hands on even in Kerala due to strict government policies against cannabism. | 35% Spiti is the driest area of the state (rainfall below 50mm). | Type of area Such bursts happen when monsoon winds sweep into the region during July, August, and September. If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) from Kerala to Himachal Pradesh, It takes 2.58 hours to arrive. Winter 7 °C (45 °F)• Avg. Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. Relief comes with the monsoon. Such rainfall is highly erratic; regions experiencing rainfall one year may not see precipitation for the next couple of years or so. ... Punjab is a land locked northern state of India with borders with Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, J&K, and the Pakistani province of Punjab in the west. The weather is pleasant and comfortable in the season. This is underscored by India's vast coal reserves—much of it from the late Paleozoic sedimentary sequence—the fourth-largest reserves in the world. [64], Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on the monsoon as a source of water. The sun is often occluded during the monsoon season. [32] Eastern India's climate is much milder, experiencing moderately warm days and cool nights. In the Lower Himalayas, landslides are common. The southwest monsoon normally withdraws from Bihar in the first week of October. [15] Groupings are assigned codes (see chart) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Soils of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is situated in the north-western part of Himalaya. The Bay of Bengal branch, which initially tracks the Coromandal Coast northeast from Cape Comorin to Orissa, swerves to the northwest towards the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Areas south of the Himalayas are largely protected from cold winter winds coming in from the Asian interior. [67][68] El Niño-related droughts have also been implicated in periodic declines in Indian agricultural output. [citation needed], 3) East of the Thar Desert, the Punjab-Haryana-Kathiawar region experiences a tropical and sub-tropical steppe climate. Complete List of the most important Temples in Himachal Pradesh. The hottest month for the western and southern regions of the country is April; for most of North India, it is May. [40], The main factor behind this shift is the high summer temperature difference between Central Asia and the Indian Ocean. As in much of the tropics, monsoonal and other weather patterns in India can be strongly variable: epochal droughts, heat waves, floods, cyclones, and other natural disasters are sporadic, but have displaced or ended millions of human lives. Rainfall is varied, with the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills region being the driest. Until about 900 m above sea level the climate is subtropical, and rainforests of teak, fig and especially bamboo cover the land. | Dry and extremely cold conditions The local time is now Sunday, 8:57 am. Kullu trout is a famous dish of Kullu region which is prepared with trout fish. [64] Officially, 9,803 people died from the storm;[63] unofficial estimates place the death toll at over 10,000. Tourism can be of different types i.e. India's western coast, bordering the more placid Arabian Sea, experiences cyclones only rarely; these mainly strike Gujarat and, less frequently, Kerala. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Average daily maximum temperatures range between 25 and 34 °C (77 and 93 °F) in the Southern parts. 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