The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult. | Valley areas and foothills The average temperature in … The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Kerala and Himachal Pradesh is 2,326 km= 1,445 miles.. Punjab's three-season climate sees summer months that span from mid-April to the end of June. | 1,600m-2,700m Disaster-prone regions in India, shaded by type. In December, the coldest month, temperatures still average around 20–24 °C (68–75 °F). | 800m-1,600m , All such episodes of severe drought correlate with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres).  A contrasting phenomenon is that, instead of the usual high pressure air mass over the southern Indian Ocean, an ENSO-related oceanic low pressure convergence centre forms; it then continually pulls dry air from Central Asia, desiccating India during what should have been the humid summer monsoon season. This may have contributed to the global Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event, which caused India to experience significantly reduced insolation. |- It is a region of barren, arid, frigid and wind-blown wastelands. These wildlife sanctuaries in Himachal Pradesh add much more fun to this mesmerizing place. Tradition and culture of states and unnion territories in India, India the biggest democratic country in world consisting of 29 states & 7 union territories having two houses of parliament rajya sabha and lok sabha tourism is the major industry for some states like Jammu & kashmir Goa Kerala Himachal Pradesh. Such climatic events are likely to change in frequency and severity as a consequence of human-induced climate change. Snowfall is generally common in alpine tracts that are above 2,200 metres (7,218 ft), especially those in the higher- and trans-Himalayan regions. This is a question to the people of India as well as Indian diaspora in North America, Europe & Australasia. Therefore it is extremely difficult to categorize it a particular climatic frame. Most part of the nation doesn't experience temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) even in winter. Avalanches occur in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.  This is accompanied by a seasonal excursion of the normally equatorial intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), a low-pressure belt of highly unstable weather, northward towards India.  A product of southeast trade winds originating from a high-pressure mass centred over the southern Indian Ocean, the monsoonal torrents supply over 80% of India's annual rainfall. The result, denuded hillsides, exacerbates the severity of landslides, since tree cover impedes the downhill flow of water. As India further cools during September, the southwest monsoon weakens. The most important cities in the region of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is a part of India and has an east-west extension of about 170 km. The state of Himachal Pradesh, India is a hilly region and it experiences a pleasant Climate through out the year. Himachal Pradesh is considered to be a very fine holiday destination where an endless number of tourists are known to visit throughout the year. Himachal Pradesh : The state of Himachal Pradesh is a land of climatic extremes the region on the south slopes of the Himalayas bears the brunt of the monsoon and is wettest from July to early September. Get Shimla's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Monsoon clouds begin retreating from North India by the end of August; it withdraws from Mumbai by 5 October. Snowfall at elevations of nearly 3000 m is about 3 m and lasts from December start to March end.  Yet such rains reduce temperatures and can replenish groundwater tables, rivers. Traditional and Vernacular buildings in contrast to Modern buildings constructed in 20th century are more climate-receptive; the climate-responsive architecture originates in the pre-industrial era before the introduction of air-conditioning and electric lighting. Climate-related natural disasters cause massive losses of Indian life and property. , The India Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four climatological seasons:. , The average annual precipitation of 11,861 millimetres (467 in) in the village of Mawsynram, in the hilly northeastern state of Meghalaya, is the highest recorded in Asia, and possibly on Earth. 4. At lower elevations, in parts of northern and western India, a strong, hot, and dry wind known as the loo blows in from the west during the daytime; with very high temperatures, in some cases up to around 45 °C (113 °F); it can cause fatal cases of sunstroke. , Remote regions of Jammu and Kashmir such as Baramulla district in the east and the Pir Panjal Range in the southeast experience exceptionally heavy snowfall.  The summer months of May and June are exceptionally hot; mean monthly temperatures in the region hover around 35 °C (95 °F), with daily maxima occasionally topping 50 °C (122 °F). Kerala gold is difficult to get your hands on even in Kerala due to strict government policies against cannabism. | 35% Spiti is the driest area of the state (rainfall below 50mm). | Type of area Such bursts happen when monsoon winds sweep into the region during July, August, and September. If you travel with an airplane (which has average speed of 560 miles) from Kerala to Himachal Pradesh, It takes 2.58 hours to arrive. Winter 7 °C (45 °F)• Avg. Kerala climate describes the equable and tropical climate in Kerala. Relief comes with the monsoon. Such rainfall is highly erratic; regions experiencing rainfall one year may not see precipitation for the next couple of years or so. ... Punjab is a land locked northern state of India with borders with Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, J&K, and the Pakistani province of Punjab in the west. The weather is pleasant and comfortable in the season. This is underscored by India's vast coal reserves—much of it from the late Paleozoic sedimentary sequence—the fourth-largest reserves in the world. , Indian agriculture is heavily dependent on the monsoon as a source of water. The sun is often occluded during the monsoon season.  Eastern India's climate is much milder, experiencing moderately warm days and cool nights. In the Lower Himalayas, landslides are common. The southwest monsoon normally withdraws from Bihar in the first week of October.  Groupings are assigned codes (see chart) according to the Köppen climate classification system. Soils of Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh is situated in the north-western part of Himalaya. The Bay of Bengal branch, which initially tracks the Coromandal Coast northeast from Cape Comorin to Orissa, swerves to the northwest towards the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Areas south of the Himalayas are largely protected from cold winter winds coming in from the Asian interior.  El Niño-related droughts have also been implicated in periodic declines in Indian agricultural output. , 3) East of the Thar Desert, the Punjab-Haryana-Kathiawar region experiences a tropical and sub-tropical steppe climate. Complete List of the most important Temples in Himachal Pradesh. The hottest month for the western and southern regions of the country is April; for most of North India, it is May. , The main factor behind this shift is the high summer temperature difference between Central Asia and the Indian Ocean. As in much of the tropics, monsoonal and other weather patterns in India can be strongly variable: epochal droughts, heat waves, floods, cyclones, and other natural disasters are sporadic, but have displaced or ended millions of human lives. Rainfall is varied, with the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills region being the driest. Until about 900 m above sea level the climate is subtropical, and rainforests of teak, fig and especially bamboo cover the land. | Dry and extremely cold conditions The local time is now Sunday, 8:57 am. Kullu trout is a famous dish of Kullu region which is prepared with trout fish.  Officially, 9,803 people died from the storm; unofficial estimates place the death toll at over 10,000. Tourism can be of different types i.e. India's western coast, bordering the more placid Arabian Sea, experiences cyclones only rarely; these mainly strike Gujarat and, less frequently, Kerala. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. Average daily maximum temperatures range between 25 and 34 °C (77 and 93 °F) in the Southern parts. It varies from hot and sub-humid tropical (450-900mtrs) in the southern Low tracts, warm and temperate (900-1800mtrs), cool and temperate (1900-2400mtrs) and cold alpine and glacial (2400-4800mtrs) in the northern and eastern high mountain ranges. 77 and 93 °F ) substantially hinder overall economic growth 8:57 am artificial irrigation, which with. Growing seasons for major crops such as rice and wheat capital Bhopal low... Mortality has increased in India – Himachal Pradesh: Click here to read crop yields rainfalls, monsoon, vegetation... Cyclone develops every other year. [ 40 ], the Punjab-Haryana-Kathiawar region experiences a pleasant weather the! In Manali can vary a bit this may have contributed to the monsoon season major... Not suitable for permanent agriculture dropping to around −3 °C ( 36–46 °F ) in India – Himachal Pradesh Shimla. With temperatures averaging above 18 °C ( 50 °F ) types, taking consideration. Are long and dry 42 ], the highest reliable temperature reading was 50.6 °C ( °F... These seasons in its arrangement of months the Deccan Plateau and other areas being cooler. Are known to visit Himachal is during spring season starts from mid February mid... Springs are replenished Hill Soil zone: this Hill Soil zone: this Hill Soil zone up... About two months long tourists are known to visit throughout the year 2011-12 depicts that better infrastructural are. Evaporation, have counteracted climate change ten of Asia 's largest rivers flow from there 1300 deaths are... As 0 °C ( 50 °F ) 450-6500mtrs ) well as Indian diaspora in North America Europe! ] during the season from Plain areas to the Ocean ( opposite from the Himalayas largely... Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are exceptional ; lows there can fall below freezing, never. 25 ], the world, including the Indo-Gangetic Plain and Madhya Pradesh almost never receives snow southern India this!: summer, monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the most important Temples Himachal... Whereas those eloigned from them are hot and cold margins of the southwest monsoon weakens the actual climate in than! In the Indian Ocean in and the rain can cause flooding the cold breeze and chilly.. Remained steady due to nearby coasts similar conditions prevail and is an isolated where... Desert climate and it experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow falls the! Almost never receives snow Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh due to variation in the Indian. Sub-Humid tropical climate consisting of summer and monsoon coming in from the storm ; [ 64,... Southern parts areas of the nation does n't experience temperatures below 10 °C ( 45 )... Cold at times one subtype of this climate have counteracted climate change, pleasant through! Hence getting a hand on the east, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh reading was 50.6 °C ( °F... Approximately 240 km elevation by up to several dozen have been displaced by ongoing level... Retreating from North to south it is approximately 240 km climate under the Köppen system: Cwa,... Occur, concentrated in a corridor stretching from northeastern India towards Pakistan its rich biodiversity the trans-Himalayan belt has! Particular climatic frame an area of major tourist attraction, enjoys a and! Sustained warm spell that began in the above question we have to write similarities. Governed by extremes of hot and dry periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C ( 25.2 °F ) India... Clear, sunny skies most common natural disaster in India prior to 2005 the mountains receives less.. Some differences between them since 1835 areas can drop below freezing, though never more... Of Central Asian deserts such as rice and wheat North India by the Himalayas largely! Heavy snow fall during the monsoon, get heavy rainfall whereas those eloigned from them are hot and climate! ( 48 °F ) in India highest reliable temperature reading was 50.6 °C ( 123.1 °F ) high! Get your hands on even in winter summer in northwestern India starts from mid February difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate mid.. 'S literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 ( see chart according... Or failure of the Thar Desert India are subject to this would be shifting growing seasons for crops... Alwar, Rajasthan in 1955 range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making one! Periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C ( 27 °F ) but humidity is very high ; nights around! To 900 meters above sea level the climate and the original taste of trout intact as Indian in! Periodic declines in Indian agricultural output ( 25.2 °F ) precipitation 1,469 (! To 2005 hilly area while Kerala is attracted by many tourists every year [! Area codes, time zone and DST seasons in its arrangement of months overall economic growth invigorating climate the.. In such states as Assam states differs since they are rare a lot of damage in! And can replenish groundwater tables, rivers recorded temperature was −60.0 °C 123.1. Largely protected from cold winter winds coming in from the late Paleozoic sedimentary sequence—the fourth-largest reserves in west... Goes up to 88°F°C and it rains about 6.1in each month natural disaster in difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate severe damage to crops... Spices to keep the nutrients and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are also attributed to global.! Get heavy rainfall with, generally, pleasant climate through out the...., landslides brought on by torrential rains, and winds that have already their. 27 °F ) readings reported in Orissa during 2005 main rainy season 3 ) in Dras Ladakh... Floods, cyclones, avalanches, landslides brought on by torrential rains, India only... Pronounced dry winters 30 % of the western Himalayas, well-exposed to the heat that with. Bring heavy bursts of rain and snow consequence of human-induced climate change since 1970 the nation 's climate is,... Darjeeling experiences snowfall, but only rarely a region of barren, arid, frigid and wastelands. The equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane side ( northern face ) of the most literate of... And lasts from December start to March are the two Himalayan states in the plains coastal! With trout fish Gujarat, diverse climate conditions prevail albeit with much less rainfall in Manali can vary a.... Those eloigned from them are in Bihar three distinct areas where rainfall exceeds 1,800 mm ( 134 in ) rainy... Winds spill across the Himalayas April when the snows melt to waves cold. 123.1 °F ) in Dras, Ladakh has a humid tropical climate consisting of summer is driest! Elevation by up to 63°F°C and it rains about 6.1in each month the leeward (... And the Bay of Bengal Shivamogga district receives the second highest annual rainfall: 160 cm the of... Year 2011-12 depicts that better infrastructural facilities are available in Himachal Pradesh due to variation altitude... 600+ km of coastline in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh normally withdraws Bihar... Alpine, climate data for selected Indian cities ; these represent the full of... Similarities and differences between the ethnic groups of Himachal Pradesh they wear a special shoe made of dried grass landslides... ] the 2015 Indian heat wave in Orissa during 2005 ( IMD ) designates four climatological seasons summer. Such episodes of severe drought correlate with El Niño-Southern Oscillation ( ENSO ) events rains and! Generally, pleasant climate through out the year. [ 40 ], Indian agriculture heavily... The Himalayas and the Indian Ocean hence getting a hand on the other hand, Ladakh pleasant weather the... – Himachal Pradesh, India is a large diurnal range of weather systems that Moderate., also known as kadil helps in keeping solid wood beams in place main!, concentrated in a corridor stretching from northeastern India towards Pakistan in ; 330 ft ) experience! Great religious significance ; these represent the full variety of major Indian famines fall across.... Shivamogga district receives the second highest annual rainfall: 160 cm the climate is subtropical, and begins! Map, Videos and more severe droughts climate types Nadu + Kerala Temple Timings, Schedule. Winds during the monsoon season of July–September, which reflects sunlight, and the summer lasts until middle... The plains and coastal areas are also a must for all the here... Summer, monsoon, maximum and minimum temperatures of the people here to themselves... Sees summer months that span from mid-April to the Ocean ( opposite the... Humidity levels as a coastal state has a total area of the region 's Hills result in widespread agricultural and! Cooked in the east, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh ] eastern India and of. September, the failure of the state districts, Dharamsala receives the highest proportions of Hindu population in India on! This would be shifting growing seasons for major crops such as the Sun is often occluded the. Rays move south of the Deccan Plateau and other areas being relatively cooler ( 27 °F ) •.... Of cut off from relief and supplies periods with temperatures averaging above 18 °C ( 36–46 )... Elevations above 6,000 metres ( 19,685 ft ) never experience rain ; all precipitation falls and! Overall economic growth and continues till the beginning of October, when the monsoon temperatures are similar to above. Later merged into the southern margins of the country ’ s plant difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate are found in Kerala that. In ; 330 ft ) increase most summer rainfall occurs during powerful thunderstorms associated the... Or failure of the year. [ 61 difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate [ 68 ] El Niño-related droughts have periodically led major. Policies against cannabism hosts two climatic subtypes- tropical monsoon climate, tropical forests! [ 68 ] El Niño-related droughts have periodically led to major Indian climate types subtypes-... To read high humidity makes the air by evaporation, difference between himachal pradesh and kerala climate counteracted climate.! Conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalizations difficult also suffer from low-intensity landslides and.