Nxc3 8.Qxg7 Rf8 9.a3 Nb5+ 10.axb4 Nxd4 11.Bg5 Qb6 12.Bh6 Qxb4+ 13.c3 Nf5 14.cxb4 Nxg7 15.Bxg7 with a clear advantage to White, Szabo-Mikenas, Kemeri 1939. In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: . This is the 3rd variation according to our post on the Sicilian Kan. Black can respond with 6...e6, 6...e5 or 6...Ng4. Less common choices include 4...Qc7, which may later transpose to the Taimanov Variation, 4...Qb6, the Grivas Variation, and 4...d6. The resulting position after 6.c4 Nf6 7.N1c3 a6 8.Na3 b6 is a type of Hedgehog. This allows White to maintain the knight on d5 by trading off Black's knight on f6, and prepares to bring the knight on a3 back into play with the manoeuvre Na3–c2–e3. Capablanca, World Champion from 1921 to 1927, famously denounced it as an opening where "Black's game is full of holes". The main line after 5...e5 runs as follows: The Sveshnikov Variation has become very popular in master level chess. By playing 5...a6 first, Black temporarily prevents White's g4 thrust and waits to see what White plays instead. Both sides typically launch fierce attacks: White on the kingside, Black on the queenside. In order to avoid this, White can play 11.Nxf6+ or 11.c4. Black can simply break the pin with 7...Be7, when White usually plays 8.Qf3 and 9.0-0-0. [4], Grandmaster John Nunn attributes the Sicilian Defence's popularity to its combative nature; in many lines Black is playing not just for equality, but for the advantage. The difference between the two variations is that Black has not developed the knight to f6 and White has not brought the knight to c3, so both players have extra options. White hopes to cramp Black's position by impeding the ...d7–d5 and ...b7–b5 pawn thrusts. Popularized by Evgeny Sveshnikov in the 1970s, the Sveshnikov is marked by an early e5 thrust by Black (for instance: 1. e4 c5 2. White's second most popular reply is 5.Nc3, when Black's development of the kingside knight often takes focus, since playing ...Nf6 can be met with e5 which both creates a Black weakness on the d6-square and causes the Black knight a disadvantageous move. Codes B50 through B59 cover the lines after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 not covered in codes B60–B99. This is one of the riskier Sicilians for Black to play, but also one that gives the second player many chances to play for a win. Search. The Sicilian Defense can be broken down into four main variations: The Najdorf, The Classical Sicilian, The Dragon, and the Scheveningen. The whole Sicilian Defence creates something of a ‘win-win’ situation, in the sense that the unbalanced positions often result in bloodshed for one side or the other. The move 6.Bg5 was Kurt Richter's invention, threatening to double Black's pawns after Bxf6 and forestalling the Dragon by rendering 6...g6 unplayable. Sicilian Kan Variation C4. The main Kan move is 5...Qc7, although 5...Nc6 transposing into a Taimanov or 5...d6 transposing into a Scheveningen can occur. The Kan Variation in the Sicilian Defense starts out with the moves: 1.e4 c5. The game usually continues 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3. Named for the formation of pawns from h7 to d6 (which were noted to look like the stars in the Draco constellation), the Dragon Variation is one of the sharpest openings in chess. The Scheveningen (reached by move orders such as 1. e4 c5 2. The great French player and theoretician André Danican Philidor opined of the Sicilian in 1777, "This way of opening the game ... is absolutely defensive, and very far from being the best ... but it is a very good one to try the strength of an adversary with whose skill you are unacquainted. … So the thought behind 1...c5 is this: "OK, I'll let you open the position, and develop your pieces aggressively, but at a price – you have to give me one of your center pawns. The Sicilian Defense is the most popular defense against white’s opening 1.e4 and is used extensively at top level play. Then 4...Nc6 may be played for a 2...Nc6 line. In general these guidelines apply: The Sicilian ... has probably undergone more vicissitudes in regard to its estimation and appreciation than any other form of defence. Perhaps the most challenging line for both sides is the Yugoslav Attack, where white plays 6. Pros: Unbalances the game Gives Black good chances of attack Great opening when you need to play for a win Cons: Codes B40 through B49 cover the lines beginning 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6, most importantly the Taimanov and Kan variations. The main move. White's powerful knight on d5 and Black's shattered kingside pawn structure are compensated by Black's bishop pair and White's offside knight on a3. Many chess champions actually prefer to start with 1.d4 because of how well the Sicilian Defense plays against 1.e4. Nowadays, White players almost universally respond with the move: 7. f4. Today we’re taking a look at how to play the Sicilian Dragon and its variations, the accelerated dragon and hyper accelerated dragon. Codes B60 through B69 cover the Richter–Rauzer Attack of the Classical Variation. More. The point of this move order is to avoid lines such as the Rossolimo Variation (1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5), or 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Nd5, which are possible in the standard Sveshnikov move order. How can it be good? Amant match, and the 1851 London Tournament. Thus, by playing 5...a6, Black deprives White of the check on b5, so that ...e5 might be possible next move. British Chess Magazine. Two drawbacks are that (a) the Closed Sicilian lines with an early Nge2 are not very challenging for Black, and (b) if Black plays 2...Nc6 3.Nge2 g6, 4.d4 reaches an Accelerated Dragon where White has lost the option of playing c4, the Maróczy Bind, often considered White's best line. 1. e4 c5 2. This weakens Black's kingside pawn structure, but in return Black gains the two bishops and a central pawn majority. Study the Sicilian Defense: Mengarini Variation Opening with free tools and analysis. The move resembles 1…e5, the next most common response to 1.e4, in that respect. This pawn structure with the pawn on e4 and c4 is considered very solid. The Najdorf Variation (marked by 5. Both players favoured sharp, aggressive play and employed the Sicilian almost exclusively throughout their careers, burnishing the defence's present reputation. White's most common reply is 6.Bg5, the Richter–Rauzer Attack (ECO codes B60–B69). Another unusual sideline is 3...cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.f3! A related attacking idea for White is 6.Be3 e6 7.g4, known as the Hungarian Attack or Perenyi Attack. The most popular fifth move for White is 5.Bd3, when after 5...Bc5 6.Nb3 Black can either retreat 6...Be7 where 7.Qg4 makes Black's kingside problematic, or 6...Ba7. For either 3.c3 or 3.c4, then Black may play 3...Bg7. In many variations of the Sicilian, Black makes a number of further pawn moves in the opening (for example, ...d6, ...e6, ...a6, and ...b5). By advancing the c-pawn two squares, Black asserts control over the d4-square and begins the fight for the centre of the board. Named after Mark Taimanov, the Taimanov Variation can be reached through 2...e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6 or 2...Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e6. It produces the psychological and tension factors which denote the best in modern play and gives notice of a fierce fight on the very first move."[32]. followed by Bg2, c3 and eventually d4. The Smith-Morra Gambit (1. e4 c5 2. d4 cxd4 3. c3) is popular at club levels and is played at least occasionally by even some masters. "[14], The opening fell out of favour in the later part of the nineteenth century, when some of the world's leading players rejected it. Players usually enter the Grand Prix Attack nowadays by playing 2.Nc3 first before continuing 3.f4. Currently, White's most popular weapon against the Najdorf is 6.Be3. 10.Nd5 Qd8 fails to 11.c4 b4 (11...bxc4 12.Nxc4 is good for White, who threatens 13.Qa4) 12.Qa4 Bd7 13.Nb5! Other important moves are 4...e6 (transposing to the Taimanov Variation), 4...g6 (the Accelerated Dragon) and 4...e5 (the Kalashnikov Variation). Instead of 9.Bxf6, White can also play 9.Nd5, which usually leads to quieter play. In general, 5...a6 also prevents White's knights from using the b5-square, and helps Black create queenside play by preparing the ...b5 pawn push. Create a game Arena tournaments Swiss tournaments Simultaneous exhibitions It is a very aggressive defense and immediately stakes claim at the center, denying white the double pawns on e4 and d4. The Main line of the Closed Sicilian is 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 d6 (diagram), when White's main options are 6.Be3 followed by Qd2 and possibly 0-0-0, and 6.f4 followed by Nf3 and 0-0. The critical test of Black's move order is 5.c4, the Maróczy Bind. These earlier games focused on the Löwenthal Variation (similar to the Kalashnikov but the reply to 5.Nb5 is 5...a6) with 4...e5 5.Nb5 a6 6.Nd6+ Bxd6 7.Qxd6 Qf6, where Black gives up the two bishops to achieve a lead in development. He never ceased to write that he preferred 1...e5 and the majority of players followed his example. [21] Similarly, James Mason wrote, "Fairly tried and found wanting, the Sicilian has now scarcely any standing as a first-class defence. Show All. Also of some interest is 3.Bb5 to ...Nc6. Nf3 d6 3. d4 cxd4 4. White, having pushed a kingside pawn, tends to hold the initiative on that side of the board. the queen on d8) that also has to defend the d-pawn. Another idea for White is 5.Bc4, which is met by 5...Qc7. White threatens 8.e5, but Black has several options: The Najdorf Variation is Black's most popular system in the Sicilian Defence. Bxc6 Bxc6 (6... bxc6 7. According to Jeremy Silman and others, Black's best reply is 2...d5 3.exd5 Nf6!, the Tal Gambit, which has caused the immediate 2.f4 to decline in popularity. On the other hand, in the Four Knights move order, White acquires the extra option of 6.Nxc6 bxc6 7.e5 Nd5 8.Ne4, so White is not obliged to enter the Sveshnikov. The main idea here is that moving the g-pawn to g6 allows black to fianchetto her bishop on g7. The Sveshnikov Variation was pioneered by Evgeny Sveshnikov and Gennadi Timoshchenko [ru] in the 1970s. [42] or (b) 4...e6 (the main line) 5.Nxd5 exd5 6.d4 Nc6 7.dxc5 Bxc5 8.Qxd5 Qb6 (8...d6 9.exd6 Qb6 is also played)[43] 9.Bc4! However, to do this, he has to make "contact" with the black position. The Classical Sicilian (reached from many move orders, such as 1. e4 c5 2. White can either castle kingside with 7.Bb3 a6 8.0-0 (the Fischer–Sozin Attack, named after Bobby Fischer and Russian master Veniamin Sozin, who originated it in the 1930s), or queenside with 7.Be3 Be7 (or 7...a6) 8.Qe2 and 9.0-0-0 (the Velimirović Attack). 2...Nc6 is the most common choice, but 2...e6 and 2...d6 are often played. Often, Black's c5-pawn is traded for White's d4-pawn in the early stages of the game, granting Black a central pawn majority. [15] Wilhelm Steinitz, the first World Champion, also disliked the Sicilian and rejected it in favour of 1...e5. Lines where White then plays 3.d4 are collectively known as the Open Sicilian, and result in extremely complex positions. White decides not to double Black's f-pawns and the game often continues 9...Be7 10.Bxf6 Bxf6 11.c3. Opening 1.d4 is a statistically more successful opening for White because of the high success rate of the Sicilian defence against 1.e4. The move 5...e5 seems anti-positional as it leaves Black with a backwards d-pawn and a weakness on d5. SBN 90084608-9.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link), Position after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3, Najdorf Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6, Dragon Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6, Classical Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, Scheveningen Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e6, Position after 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4, Sveshnikov Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 e5, Chelyabinsk Variation: 6.Ndb5 d6 7.Bg5 a6 8.Na3 b5, Accelerated Dragon: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 g6, Kalashnikov Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 e5 5.Nb5 d6, Taimanov Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nc6, Kan Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 a6, Four Knights Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, Pin Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 e6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 Bb4, Moscow Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.Bb5+, Rossolimo Variation: 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5, Closed Sicilian (Main line): 1.e4 c5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.g3 g6 4.Bg2 Bg7 5.d3 d6, Four Knights Variation: 4...Nf6 5.Nc3 Nc6, 2.Nf3 without 3.d4: White's third move alternatives, Nimzowitsch–Rubinstein Variation: 2...Nf6, "Steinitz, throughout his life, had a certain dislike of the Sicilian. "[19][20], The Sicilian continued to be shunned by most leading players at the start of the twentieth century, as 1...e5 held centre stage. For the most part, other moves are the Closed Sicilian. pp. Play. Named after Grandmaster Miguel Najdorf, this system is designed to exert control over b5 and later put pressure on White's e4 pawn. In this line, White usually ends up with an isolated queen's pawn after pawns are exchanged on d4. The line 2...Nf6 3.e5 Nd5 resembles Alekhine's Defence, but the inclusion of the moves c3 and ...c5 is definitely in Black's favour. The current World Champion Magnus Carlsen has also played this variation extensively. There are countless lines that can arise from the starting moves of 1. e4 c5. Then 4.d4 with 3.c4 transposes to the 3.d4 line. Connect. The Najdorf Variation is the most popular variation in the Sicilian Defense and is one of the most analyzed openings in all of chess. White generally answers with 6.Bd3, supporting the e4-pawn. In 1990, the authors of Modern Chess Openings (13th edition) noted that "in the twentieth century the Sicilian has become the most played and most analysed opening at both the club and master levels. Black may forego ...Nf6 in favour of ...Ne7, e.g. In today’s article we will break down why each of these variations is popular and which of them is the absolute best that can be used in tournament play. Illustration: The Spruce / Theresa Chiechi. White's pressure on the d6-pawn often compels Black to respond to Bxf6 with ...gxf6, rather than recapturing with a piece (e.g. In order to profit from the initiative granted by the first move, White has to make use of his opportunity to do something before Black has an equal number of opportunities of his own. This system, popular at all levels, allows White to keep the center closed. This is called the English Attack, because it was popularised by English grandmasters Murray Chandler, John Nunn and Nigel Short in the 1980s. Meanwhile, advancing a queenside pawn has given Black a spatial advantage there and provides a basis for future operations on that flank. An alternative plan is to play 10...Bg7 followed by ...Ne7 to immediately trade off White's powerful knight; this line is known as the Novosibirsk Variation. Another alternative for White is 3. f4, which is known as the Grand Prix attack. It has been said that "these losses almost dealt a knockout blow to the Sicilian because it took a long time to find such important figures to carry the Sicilian's standard. Learn the common lines that arise with this strategy. An original setup for white with the aim of gaining space in the center and in which black has to play carefully to stay in the game. Possible moves are 3.g3 and 3.f4 in general, also 3.Nge2, and less commonly 3.d3 and 3.Bc4. Get DIY project ideas and easy-to-follow crafts to help you spruce up your space. Learn. In the ninth edition of Modern Chess Openings, Walter Korn noted that the Sicilian "received three of its earliest practical tests, and a big boost in popularity, in the 1834 MacDonnell [sic]–La Bourdonnais match, 1843 Staunton–St. B20: Sicilian defence - 1. e4 c5 - Chess Opening explorer. The difference is that Black avoids playing ...d7–d6 and can later play ...d7–d5 in one move if possible. After 2...g6, White commonly plays 3.d4. Reuben Fine, one of the world's leading players during this time period, wrote of the Sicilian in 1948, "Black gives up control of the centre, neglects his development, and often submits to horribly cramped positions. 2...e5 transposes into a variant of the Vienna Game. [41] White's strongest reply is to chase the knight by 3.e5 Nd5 4.Nc3 and now (a) 4...Nxc3 5.dxc3, when 5...b6?, as Nimzowitsch played and recommended, loses to 6.e6! 286–87. About 80% of Master level games beginning with 1.e4 c5 continue with 2.Nf3, after which there are three main options for Black: 2...d6, 2...Nc6, and 2...e6. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Too Short - Extra Moves (.e.g 45...Nf3 46.Bxf3): Too Long - Finish Move (e.g. Its rejection by Morphy in 1857–8, and by Steinitz in 1862, caused it again to lapse in consideration as not being a perfectly valid and reliable defence. Nxd4 Nf6 5. Here White can play the positional 5.Bb5, threatening to double Black's pawns with Bxc6, or the more aggressive 5.Bc4, aiming for a kingside attack. Black usually plays 6...e6 to limit the range of White's bishop, but White can eventually put pressure on the e6-pawn by pushing the f-pawn to f5 (pawn-based attack beginning with f4). If the complications after 6.g4 are not to White's taste, a major alternative is 6.Be2, a typical line being 6...a6 (this position can be reached from the Najdorf via 5...a6 6.Be2 e6) 7.0-0 Be7 8.f4 0-0. (Redirected from Scheveningen Sicilian) In chess, the Scheveningen Variation of the Sicilian Defence is an opening that is a line of the Open Sicilian characterised by Black setting up a "small centre" with pawns on d6 and e6. A quick draw is possible after 9.Nd5 Qa5+!? .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}J.I. It is also a flexible idea, one that can transpose into many other Sicilian systems. After 6...e6, Vsevolod Rauzer introduced the modern plan of Qd2 and 0-0-0 in the 1930s. A rarer option on Black's second move is 2...e6, with the aim of transposing to the Advance Variation of the French Defence after 3.d4 d5 4.e5. "[11], In 1813, the English master Jacob Henry Sarratt effectively standardised his English translation of the name of this opening as 'the Sicilian Defence', referring to an old Italian manuscript that used the phrase il gioco siciliano ('the Sicilian game'). The drawback is that White often obtains an early initiative, so Black has to take care not to fall victim to a quick attack. The most frequent continuation is 3...Nf6 4.Be2, when 4...Nxe4?? [B][16] The death of the opening's two greatest proponents, Staunton and Anderssen, in 1874 and 1879 respectively, also contributed to its decline. Efforts, the Prins Variation by playing 4... Nxe4 ) 10... 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