President Uhuru Kenyatta inaugurated the Volkswagen production line at Kenya Vehicle Manufacturers Limited in Thika. The appropriate bed length depends on the amount of the crop to be grown, but may not exceed three metres. Leaves (often with flowers) widely used as vegetable in Kenya, especially in western and coastal regions. Seeds should be sown at the onset of rainfall. Variation in anthocyanin Indigenous Spider Plant (saga/saget) 135 KSh. Participatory varietal selection will be carried out with farmers and consumers in Benin and Kenya. When repeated at regular intervals, this method knocks aphid populations down to acceptable levels. (Eds.). It may be planted on traditional raised or flat beds. Testing panels and farmers’ field schools are also conducted to assess the acceptance of the species. Transplanting has proved unsuccessful. When cooked, mix both then mash in one pot. Knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Spider plant (Cleome gynandra L.) is an important African leafy vegetable (ALV) that has been used by local African communities as a source of nutrition in their diets for many years.The plant has recently attracted an increasing demand for its highly nutritive and health promoting bioactive compounds important in combating malnutrition and reducing human degenerative diseases. A Beginners Guide to Onion Farming in Kenya Jul 22nd 2016 50 percent of the red onions in Kenya are imported from Tanzania, as indicated by Food and Agriculture Organisation's (FAO) 2014 report.... Continue reading → After digging, the soil is harrowed to a fine tilth. CHART 11: Harvesting spider plant vegetable Spider plant is ready for harvesting starting from 45-60 days after germination. This ensures availability of adequate soil moisture throughout the growth period. To increase the adoption of new varieties and technologies to grow them, Hortitechs Development selected twelve pilot farmers from 3 municipalities in Benin. Place into a pot containing 1/4 litre of water. Nutritious, high-yielding and adapted cultivars of spider plant will be made available for vegetable production systems in Benin and Kenya at the end of this project. », ARF country workshop in Cotonou, Benin (October 29, 2016), Food & Business Applied Research Fund Call 2 projects workshop in Benin (October 26-28, 2016), First Food & Business Applied Research ARF & CRF projects workshop in Uganda (September 29, 2015), Prof. dr. ME (Eric) Schranz of Wageningen UR (June 18, 2015), ARF-1 final factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa, ARF-1 midterm factsheet: Improved varieties of spider plant for Africa (Benin and Kenya), Leaflet "Contribution of spider plant home gardens to household food security and income in Southern Benin", Leaflet "Introduction of spider plant in urban and peri-urban vegetable production systems in Benin", Technical leaflet "Best agricultural practices for the cultivation of spider plant", "Association between vitamin content, plant morphology and geographical origin in a worldwide collection of the orphan crop Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Enhancing growth and leaf yield in Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. New knowledge will be generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Some farmers mix the seeds with sand when broadcasting them. This page presents a representative sample of a very few Kenya plant species. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. To mix with other vegetables, boil Amaranth leaves and spider plant separately. (1997). In case of monocropping, which is more common, the tops are removed 10 cm from the ground. Damage may be of importance when flea beetles are present in large numbers, especially during the seedling stage. Researchers explored the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leaf yield. The characteristic symptom of flea beetle attack is small, round holes all over the leaf surface. Researchers are exploring the diversity in Cleome gynandra in Africa and Asia in terms of nutritional value and leafyield. The leaves are usually cooked when fresh but may also be dried and stored for up to two years although this practice greatly reduces the crop's nutrition value. Ladybird beetles, lacewings, hover fly larvae, parasitic wasps and naturally occurring aphid diseases are common and effective natural enemies of aphids. Here’s how to grow spider plants in your home! The plant has edible leaves; each leaf has up to 7 leaflets spreading like fingers, which are usually 2-10 cm long and 2-4 cm wide. Dairy cattle production in Kenya is the second largest contributor to the agricultural GDP (Kosgey et al., 2011). Uprooting (Week 11-13): This is mostly done in commercial production by uprooting the whole plant. The highest yield was obtained when plants were transplanted at around 450,000 plants per hectare and cut every two weeks. In Kenya, a protocol for a systematic evaluation of Spider plant’s drought tolerance was developed in collaboration with farmers. Experiments are also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. It requires a well-prepared seedbed without weeds and dug to a depth of about 15 cm followed by a light harrowing. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. The larvae generally feed on the plant roots, but usually do not cause economic damage. Spider plant is believed to replenish blood and therefore referred to as a "traditional meat" by some Kenyan communities (Chweya and Mnzava, 1997; Savala et al, 2003). The above provides 4 to 6 medium portions. Spider plant is an erect herbaceous annual herb with hairy, often purple stems and many branches growing to a height of about one metre. Sprinkle water on heaps of produce sparingly. Mgagani (Swahili), Thageti (Kikuyu), Tsisaka (Luhya), Alot-dek (Luo), Saget (Kalenjin), Chinsaga (Kisii), Mwianzo (Kamba), Jjobyu (Luganda), Yobyu (Lusoga), African cabbage, African spider flower, African spider plant, Spider wisp, Cat's whiskers, (c) Courtesy EcoPort (http://www.ecoport.org): Roger P. Ellis, Unless otherwise stated, all content on the Infonet Biovision Website is licensed under a, General Information and Agronomic Aspects, Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Disease (TYLCV), Bio-pesticide: Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), Indigenous vegetable production and utilization, Organic Resource Management in Kenya: Perspectives and Guidelines. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. Eggs are laid in the soil near the host plant. Upscaling cultivation of Cleome gynandra in urban and peri-urban areas will provide an additional source of income for farmers and seed companies and a source of health-beneficial compounds for consumers. Spider Plants for Sale Online. 2013;60(6). Using a separate sufuria pot fry onions till brown, add tomatoes then vegetables and 1/4 litre of thick coconut milk (or fresh cow's milk), then cook for 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Thinning is done three weeks after emergence to leave 10 to 15 cm between plants (EcoPort). Prof. Dorcas K. Isutsa, (Chuka University) 2. Year 3: To stimulate the cultivation of the nutritious Spider plant in West- and East Africa, the research team first collected and documented 164 wild and cultivated Spider plant varieties (accessions) in West Africa and 59 varieties in Kenya. Adult wingless females are oval-bodied, 1-2 mm in body length, of very variable colour. Also included under biopesticides are semiochemicals (e.g. and Woomer, P.L. In Kenya, it grows from sea level to 2400 metres (Savala et al, 2013). The crop is a rich source of vitamins A and C and minerals such as calcium, iron, magnesium and protein. Dutch policy goals: Increased sustainable agricultural production; and Improved access to nutrition. Biopesticides are derived from micro-organisms (bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc), plants (neem, pyrethrum, etc) and natural enemies of pests (parasitoids, predators and pathogens). Names of Indian Spider Plant in various languages of the world are also given. Traditional knowledge related to the species is documented in indigenous communities in both countries and integrated in promotion strategies. The majority of spiders in Kenya don't cause much harm. Summary of the results: Cleome gynandra is a neglected and underutilized leafy vegetable with strong potential for improved nutrition and health in Africa. Aphids can be serious pests during dry weather. Plants do not have dense foliage, and as such are unable to compete with weeds. All the respondents indicated that spider plant is grown for subsistence and 70% of the farmers allocated 5-30% of their land for its cultivation. Objective: Contribute to improved food and nutritional security for local communities and increased livelihoods for farmers. More people are aware of the nutritional and medicinal qualities of the plant and integrate it into their eating habits. New knowledge have been generated and disseminated through partnership with farmers’ associations, national agricultural research systems, supermarkets and restaurants. Kenya Electricity Hydro-Power Generation to Fall to 45% in 2014; Kenya Ranked Eighth Largest Global Geothermal Producer; State Plans Two More Hydro-Electric Power Dams On Tana River This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 18:57 (UTC). In case of a mixed cultivation with amaranths or nightshades, spider plants are uprooted to make more space for the companion crop. It is therefore essential that seedbeds are kept weed-free at all times, but especially during the first six weeks. Plants can be grown on flat beds or on traditional raised beds, which are normally one m wide. Apply a strong jet of water to dislodge aphids from attacked plants. Taking advantage of the short cycle of the species and genomic tools, high-yielding and nutrient-rich cultivars were selected in collaboration with farmers and consumers for introduction in or revamping of vegetable markets in Benin and Kenya. About four g of seed per m2 or 40 kg per ha are required. At the top left of each page the user should find a hierarchal menu including a link to the family classification of the plant discussed. Method: Screening of a worldwide collection of spider plant for nutritive value, drought resistance and leaf yield will be conducted and new varieties will be developed using genomics assisted breeding. Spider plant is generally considered a weed, plaguing maize and bean fields in Kenya and other countries. Its lovely arching flower stems are best displayed as a hanging plant. This food is rich in magnesium and iron, as well as nicotinic acid. This ethnobotanics research will be used to prepare factsheets and brochures with recipe ideas and information about the nutraceutical properties. The adults vary in colour from shiny black or metallic grey to black with yellow stripes on the wing cases. Rapport GTB-1130 Vegetable chains in Kenya Production and consumption of vegetables in the Nairobi metropolis Carin van der Lans1, Harriëtte Snoek2, Fannie de Boer3 and Anne Elings1 1 Wageningen UR Greenhouse Horticulture 2 Wageningen UR Agricultural Economics Research Institute 3 Wageningen UR Centre for Development Innnovation (AVRDC; Chweya and Mnzava, 1997). H.E. This helps controlling low, initial infestations. Maundu, P.M., Ngugi, G.W. In western Kenya, milk is added and preferably left overnight in a pot. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate spider plant germplasm for agronomic traits pertinent to seed and vegetable production. – Also to ensure that the plant is not affected by diseases one should pluck the drying leaves. The first harvests consist of thinned plants. This helps reduce further infestations. Enhancing Production, Postharvest handling, Value Addition and Marketing of Indigenous vegetables (Cowpea, Nightshade, pumpkin, Amaranth, Spider plant), Mushrooms and French Beans among Smallholder Farmers in Kenya Lead Scientist: Prof John H. Nderitu, MKU Collaborators: 1. Cleome gynandra is one of the most promising African leafy vegetables consumed in most parts of Africa. Pests and diseases are not usually serious and spraying with insecticides is not recommended even when aphids appear to become problematic. The researchers assessed the quantitative variation in carotenoids, tocopherols and chlorophylls in 48 varieties. Objectives • Assemble a germplasm collection of 100 spider plant accessions from Africa and Asia; • Characterize and evaluate the SANBI: South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa. Wageningen UR tested spider plant germplasm for variation in anthocyanin production and nutritional characteristics. Text is … Check the plants regularly. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap. Flea beetle Phyllotreta mashonana feeding on young okra pod. Usually cooked with other vegetables such as cowpeas, amaranth (Luhya, Pokot, Luo) and spider plant (Pokot). Growers harvest the ripe capsules at the end of rainy season, to save seed for the next crop (AVRDC). November 21, 2013. Because aphid populations are generally clumped within fields, each field should be uniformly sampled. This will help to select the most nutritious varieties. Aim: Raising awareness of the nutritional characteristics of the spider plant (Cleome gynandra) and promoting its cultivation and consumption in Benin and Kenya. This reduces the bitterness. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi. Although the plants are able to tolerate short-term drought, periods of drought will hasten development of flowers and lower the yields (AVRDC). 11, January 1999. – A banana plant takes around 8-12 months to reach maturity, while a fruit takes roughly 90-150 days to be ready for harvesting, the fruit is light green in color and has shiny appearance. Leaves mixed with those of kandhira (Brassica carinata) are boiled, made into lumps, dried in the sun and stored in a clay pot (agulu) as a dry-season food (Luo). The elongate fruit resembles a pod, but is referred to as a capsule, containing many small, dark seeds. Harvesting is repeated several times, depending on the soil fertility and moisture conditions. In Kenya, Latrodectus renivulvatus seems to be the only species present. The leaves and seeds of spider plant are used in indigenous medicine in several countries. The country Duration: January 2015 – January 2018. (Cleomaceae) using agronomic practices to accelerate crop domestication", "Drivers of Management of Spider Plant (Gynandropsis gynandra) Across Different Socio-linguistic Groups in Benin and Togo", "A roadmap for breeding orphan leafy vegetable species: a case study of Gynandropsis gynandra (Cleomaceae)", "Launch of the spider plant project in Benin", "Better understanding of the evolution of photosynthesis with cleome research", Biosystematics Group, Wageningen University, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, KENRICK, Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya. Where possible, roots should be placed in water overnight to absorb moisture. Spider plant exists as semi-cultivated indigenous leafy vegetable with ecological, social and cultural values in most home gardens in Kenya. Characterization of selected spider plant accessions from Kenya and South Africa was performed in order to individuate those with distinct morphological traits for future improvement programs. The local names for these vegetables are chisaka, saka, thageti, esaka, chisaga and isakiat. Spider plant is sensitive to cold and does not grow well when temperatures drop below 15 degC. It has been reported that full-grown plants of sunnhemp placed between bags of maize have the effect of keeping away all insects. and Mnzava N.A. Harvest the young spider plant leaves including the stem tips then remove the leaf stalks. Emergence is normally from 6 to 8 days after sowing. List of various diseases cured by Indian Spider Plant. Experiments were also carried out in order to improve the current production practices of local communities. Flowering is delayed when adequate manure is available, allowing more, larger leaves to be harvested. In order to develop the best agronomic practices for higher leaf yields, the team conducted field trials with the most promising varieties in Benin. (contributed by Maryam Imbumi in Organic Resource Management in Kenya, 2003). You will thus expeditiously see that every inquiry can be answered by a bureau competent in video marketing in Kenya. It plays a significant role in the food and nutrition security of local communities. Many herbs are able to thrive in conditions under which other plants and vegetables are unable to grow … Topping and removing inflorescences as soon as they appear are other practices that increase leaf production for harvesting. Plants require water two or three times a week. Spider plant is a poor competitor with weeds. Remove and destroy infested leaves. There are no records of plant diseases, possibly as a result of natural plant selection (EcoPort: Wilfried Baudoin). 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